The feat of taking 5 wickets in an innings is often equated with that of scoring a century. But the former does not get much attention in standard record books and websites. Many of them will have a list of players who scored a century on Test or ODI debut, but will not have a corresponding list of those who took 5wi (or 10wm) on debut.
Here we start with a list of Indian players who took 5wi on Test debut:
Nissar achieved this in India’s very first Test. Hirwani is the only one to take 5wi in both innings. He and Australia’s RAL Massie are the only ones take 8 wickets in each innings on debut, and indeed the only ones to do so in any Test.
Here are the players who took 5wi on Test debut, that Test being against India:
Some of them did not do much in their career. Krejza, for instance, played in only one more Test. JK Lever is the only one to score a fifty and take 10wm in his debut Test, but he ended up without much achievement in batting. And Klusener became more of a batsman in his subsequent career. However, Bedser went on to take 11 wickets in his second Test (also against India) and went on to become one of England’s leading bowlers of his time.
We also look at 8 or more wickets in a match on debut (since instances of 10wm are somewhat rare here).
8 or more wickets in match by Indian bowlers on Test debut:
The only 10wm here is Hirwani’s 16-136, which is the best match bowling figures by any Test debutant. It is just ahead of Massie’s 16-137 for Aus vs Eng in 1972.
Ashwin and Shami narrowly missed taking 10wm on debut. Ashwin soon made up for this, though Shami is yet to achieve this landmark.
8 or more wickets in match by bowlers on Test debut, that Test being against India:
While Krezja has the best figures here, he only played one Test after this. WM Clark also had a short career.