History and statistics of day/night Tests-1

The pink-ball Test at Ahmedabad was the 16th such match. We take a look at their history, starting with a list of matches:

None of the 16 matches were drawn. Two (SA-Zim and Ind-Eng) finished in 2 days.

There are two “neutral” Tests, Pak v WI and Pak v SL at Dubai.

Of the remaining 14 Tests, 13 were won by the hosts. The only exception was Sri Lanka’s win at Bridgetown.

A summary of team performances:

Australia leads with an 8-0 margin, while India and Sri Lanka are next with 2-1 each.

Now for individual performances, starting with batting.

Most runs-175 and above:

Warner leads by a large margin, Labuschagne and Asad Shafiq have each scored 2 centuries. The same pair and SPD Smith have the most 50+ scores-four.

Highest innings scores-90 and above:

Led by triple centuries by Warner and Azhar Ali and a double by Cook. Kohli has the only century for India.

Batting averages (minimum 10 innings, all instances):

Warner and Smith here, with Starc almost a regular batsman.

Batting strike rates (Minimum 500 balls faced, all instances):

Warner leads again, followed by Asad Shafiq and Labuschagne.

To be continued

The shortest Tests

Today’s hot topic!

Contrary to popular belief, Tests finishing in 2 days are not so uncommon. Here is the complete list:

https://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/records/283076.html

There are 22 such instances including 7 since 2000. The last two have been won by India.

The Test at Ahmedabad is not the first such instance in a day-night match, as South Africa has already won one against Zimbabwe in 2017.

It may be more instructive to look at finished tests with the least number of balls.

The full record is here: https://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/records/215456.html

The five shortest finished Tests are therefore:

656 balls: Aus v SA at Melbourne in 1932: Aus won by an innings and 72 runs:

https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/south-africa-tour-of-australia-1931-32-61828/australia-vs-south-africa-5th-test-62602/full-scorecard

672 balls: WI v Eng at Bridgetown in 1935: Eng won by 4 wickets:

https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/england-tour-of-west-indies-1934-35-61755/west-indies-vs-england-1st-test-62624/full-scorecard

788 balls: Eng v Aus at Manchester in 1888: England won by an innings and 21 runs

https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/australia-tour-of-england-1888-61333/england-vs-australia-3rd-test-62425/full-scorecard

792 balls: Eng v Aus at Lord’s in 1888: Australia won by 61 runs

https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/australia-tour-of-england-1888-61333/england-vs-australia-1st-test-62423/full-scorecard

(Note that these two instances were from the same series)

796 balls: SA v Eng at Cape Town in 1889: England won by an innings and 202 runs

https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/england-tour-of-south-africa-1888-89-61689/south-africa-vs-england-2nd-test-62427/full-scorecard

And the just-concluded Test at Ahmedabad is 7th on the list with 842 balls between India and England in 2021: India won by 10 wickets.

Weird Test statistics-bowling

Hope you have read this:

https://abn397.wordpress.com/2021/02/23/weird-test-statistics-batting/

This is the counterpart for equal weirdness in bowling.

With the advent of Statsguru, there are many studies which can be carried out to assess levels of competence and incompetence in different fields of cricketing ability.

Here we take a closer look at Test bowling averages under different conditions.

(Here we are considering bowling averages with a minimum of 2000 balls bowled. The Test involving the ICC XI in 2005 is not counted.)

In this segment we look at the best bowling averages under these conditions:

We now look at the other end of the scale: worst bowling averages

Weird Test statistics-batting

With the advent of Statsguru, there are many studies which can be carried out to assess levels of competence and incompetence in different fields of cricketing ability.

Here we take a closer look at Test batting averages under different conditions.

(Here we are considering batting averages with a minimum of 20 innings. The Test involving the ICC XI in 2005 is not counted.)

In this segment we look at the highest batting averages under these conditions:

We now look at the other end of the scale: Lowest batting averages

Hope you found this interesting. We will take up similar analyses for bowling averages next time.

The “double” of a fifty+ and 10wm in the same Test.

Hope you have read the related piece https://abn397.wordpress.com/2021/02/19/the-double-of-a-century-and-5wi-in-the-same-test/

We now look at the converse: a fifty-plus and ten wickets in an innings in the same match.

This is a little rarer than the earlier case. It has occurred 30 times, compared to 33 times for the earlier case.

Multibaggers are rarer here. We have 3 instances by Sir Richard Hadlee and 2 by Shakib Al Hasan. That’s all. Botham is here, but only for one instance. Ashwin, Sobers and Mushtaq are not here. But there are others such as Bevan and Border who would not usually be considered to be all-rounders.

The most recent instance was by Stuart Broad during one of the Covid Tests of 2020.

Earlier we saw that Bruce Taylor was the only one to score a century and take 5wi on debut. That was against India in 1965.

There is only instance of someone scoring a 50+ and taking 10 wickets on debut. This was John Lever for England v India in 1976. What is even stranger is that India’s S Venkataraghavan appeared in both of these Tests.

Among current and recent players there are MM Ali, SCJ Broad, RA Jadeja, Dilruwan Perera, Rashid Khan, Shakib Al Hasan and DW Steyn. The only other player from India is Kapil Dev (who never made a century and 5wi together).

Also note AK Davidson, who scored 44 and 80 and took 11 wickets in the tied Test in 1960. He was the first to score over 100 runs and 10 wickets in a match. He had this record to himself until Botham scored a century and took 13 wickets against India in early 1980. Imran Khan and Shakib later followed with a century and 10 wickets in 1983 (against India, who else?) and 2014 (against Zimbabwe).

The “double” of a century and 5wi in the same Test.

This has been achieved 33 times, although some players have done it more than once. This will be apparent from this table:

From this we can identify the “multibaggers” as

IT Botham 5 times (1978, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1984)

R Ashwin 3 times (2011, 2016, 2021)

JH Kallis 2 times (1999, 2002)

Mushtaq Mohammad 2 times (1973, 1977)

Shakib Al Hasan 2 times (2011, 2014)

GS Sobers 2 times (1962, 1966).

We can also see that Botham (1980), Imran (1983) and Shakib (2014) went a step further by scoring a century and taking 10 wickets in the match.

BR Taylor (1965) was the only one to score a century and take 5wi on his Test debut. This was his first first-class century.

Bangladesh-West Indies Tests-2

Hope you have read Part 1: https://abn397.wordpress.com/2021/02/17/bangladesh-west-indies-tests-1/

Continuing with individual performances in these matches, starting with Bowling:

Most wickets (10 or more):

The first few are all current players. The most 5wi hauls are by Shakib, Miraz and Roach. No one has taken more than one 10wm.

Best innings analysis: (all instances of 6wi or more):

None of these instances are from the current series, although Miraz, Shakib and others played in it.

Best match analysis: (all instances of 8wm or more):

Miraz and Cornwall are among those who played in the current series. Cornwall’s 9-179 is the best for WI in Bangladesh, surpassing the 8-152 by Bishoo in 2011.

Bowling averages (Minimum 1500 balls, all instances):

Roach heads this short list. However Taijul has the best economy rate and Roach the best strike rate.

Now for Fielding:

Most dismissals (10 or more):

Mushfiqur has the most dismissals and stumpings, while Sammy has the most catches by a non-keeper.

Most innings dismissals (4 and more):

None from the current series. Note 4 catches by a non-keeper Sammy.

Most match dismissals (5 and more):

Again, none from the current series. Note 6 catches by non-keeper DM Bravo.

Highest dismissal rate (Minimum 15 innings fielded, all instances):

Mushfiqur has the highest dismissal rate as he is the only keeper here. The best by a non-keeper is by Mahmudullah.

Finally, All-round performances:

Overall (see criteria below):

Only two entries here, with Miraz coming up in recent series.

Match performances (50+ and 5wi in match):

Only 3 instances, all by Shakib. Further proof that he is the best all-rounder in matches between these teams.

Bangladesh-West Indies Tests-1

The West Indies won the series 2-0 after hard-fought wins in both Tests. Their last visit in 2018 ended in a 2-0 defeat by heavy margins. KC Brathwaite was the captain on both occasions.

A summary of Tests between these countries:

We now look at individual performances, starting with Batting:

Most runs-250 and above:

The most centuries are 4 by Chanderpaul and 3 by Brathwaite. The most 50+ scores are 8 by Shakib (no centuries!) and 7 by Chanderpaul and Tamim.

Tamim, Brathwaite and Shakib have the most runs among current players.

Highest innings scores-100 and more:

While KR Mayers’s 210* on debut was outstanding, it is only the fourth highest score here and the highest score in this series.

Highest batting averages (Minimum 15 innings, all instances):

Current players Brathwaite and Shakib have the highest averages.

Highest strike rates (Minimum 750 balls faced, all instances):

Shakib and Gayle have the highest strike rates, while Tamim has the next highest among current players.

To be continued

Notes from the 2nd India-England Test

First, a left-over stat from the 1st Test.

Here we see that JE Root’s 218 was the highest innings score for England in India, surpassing the 207 by MW Gatting in 1984-85 which was also at Madras.

Now for the second Test. We look at India’s highest victories by runs against all teams:

We can see that India’s win by 317 runs in the 2nd Test is their highest winning margin by runs against England. The previous record was by 279 runs at Leeds in 1986. In India it was by 246 runs at Visakhapatnam in 2016-17.

This margin of 317 runs is India’s 5th highest victory against all countries.

We also look at India’s highest defeats by runs against all teams:

In the first Test, England won by 227 runs against India. This is quite far down this list, but was England’s highest victory by runs against India in India. It surpassed the 212-run victory at Mumbai in 2005-06.

Debut innings figures by Indian bowlers:

AR Patel’s 5-60 is 7th on the list, but the 2nd best by a left-arm spinner.(after DR Doshi).

We also look at debut match figures by Indian bowlers:

AR Patel’s 7-100 is again 7th on this list and the second best by a left-arm spinner after DR Doshi.

Best match bowling figures by an Indian player who scored a century in the same Test:

Ashwin has the first 3 of the 5 positions here. His 8-96 is in 2nd place.

Axar (AR) Patel has figured in these columns before:

https://abn397.wordpress.com/2015/08/28/axar-patels-feat-4-wickets-for-none-3/

Review of Pakistan-South Africa Test series-2

Hope you have seen Part 1:

https://abn397.wordpress.com/2021/02/11/review-of-pakistan-south-africa-test-series/

Continuing with individual performances in bowling:

Most wickets (20 and more):

Steyn is far ahead of the others. Rabada is the only current player here.

Best innings bowling (6wi and above):

Nothing from the current series. Oddly, KJ Abbott played only two Tests.

Nauman Ali took 5-35 (on Test debut) in the first Test. This is now the best for P v SA in Pakistan, surpassing the 5-46 by D Kaneria in 2003-04.

Best match bowling (all instances of 9wm and above):

Note Hasan Ali from the current series. His 10-114 is now the best for P v SA in Pakistan, surpassing the 8-210 by Abdur Rehman in 2007-08.

Best bowling averages (Minimum 20 innings, all instances):

Pollock and Steyn lead here, with Kaneria having the best average among Pakistani players.

Kaneria and Pollock have the best economy rates.

Steyn and Pollock have the best strike rates.

Fielding: Most dismissals (10 and above):

Boucher has by far the best figures here. The best by non-keepers are 23 by GC Smith and 21 by Younis Khan.

de Kock and Elgar represent the current players.

Most innings dismissals (4 and above):

The best by a non-keeper is 4 by Taufeeq Umar.

Most match dismissals (6 and above):

de Villiers has 11 dismissals which is a share in the world record. No instance from the current series. The best by a non-keeper is 6 by Taufeeq Umar.

Best dismissal ratio (Minimum 20 innings, 0.500 and above):

Headed by Boucher and de Villiers. The best by non-keepers are by Younis Khan and GC Smith.

All-round performance (see conditions in table):

Only Pollock and Kallis qualify here.

All-round match performance (50 and 5wi):

Only the lesser known PS de Villiers and Pollock.

Review of Pakistan-South Africa Test series-1

After this series was won 2-0 by Pakistan, this is the summary of the 28 Tests played between these teams:

This is only the second time Pakistan has won a Test series against South Africa. The previous occasion was in 2003-04, where the captains were Md Yousuf (win) and Inzamam (draw) vs Graeme Smith.

And Pakistan lost 3-0 when they last toured SA in 2018-19. Sarfraraz Ahmed was then the captain.

Babar Azam’s Test captaincy started with two wins.

The overall record:

Next we look at individual records.

Most runs (500 and above):

Azhar Ali is the only current player here.

The most centuries are 6 by Kallis and 4 each by de Villiers, Smith and Younis Khan. And the most 50+ scores are 14 by Kallis and 12 by Amla.

Highest individual scores (125 and above):

de Villiers has the best performance here. No one from the current series.

Highest batting average (Minimum 20 innings, all instances):

As in the earlier table, de Villiers leads by a distance. Azhar Ali is the only current player.

Highest strike rate (Minimum 1000 balls faced, all instances):

Similarly, led by de Villiers with Azhar Ali the only current player.

To be continued.