This is to provide links to a few posts in the last few days, for those who are interested in the obscure byways of cricket history. These deal with the best performances of those who had only one match (or innings) in the three formats of international cricket:
This is a follow-up from the last post
Now we take up ODIs in the same way. Though others interested in cricket statistics may disagree, I have removed ODIs involving multi-national teams such as the ICC World XI, Africa XI and Asia XI.
First, the highest scores at various batting positions in all ODIs:
Interesting that Kapil’s 175* in 1983 is the oldest record standing, followed by Viv Richard’s 189* in 1984. That was the only ODI played at Tunbridge Wells, and there is no video of this match available because of a dispute with the BBC at that time.
Now for Indian players:
Interesting that the records for numbers 9 and 10 came in the same match.
Now we look at all debutants in ODIs:
Interesting that Haynes’s record of 1978 still stands.
No debutant from India in the above table. Their details are here:
Oddly enough Brijesh Patel’s 82 from India’s very first ODI in 1974 is still a record.
Some may be thinking of Yuvraj Singh’s 84 at No 5 in 2000. But that was in his second ODI, while he did not bat in the first. (Shahid Afridi’s 37-ball century had a similar story).
As we pause for breath after the last over against Bangladesh, here is a snapshot of major records in all T20WC matches from 2007 to March 23.
Most matches (25 and more):
Dilshan, Afridi and Dhoni look set to add a few more matches-though they probably will have retired by the next World Championship. Note that the previous record of 31 was shared by three Sri Lankans.
Most runs: (500 and more)
M. Jayawardene’s record is under threat from Gayle and Dilshan.
Of those who scored more than 500 runs, Kohli has by far the highest average (67.33). The next is Gayle with 45.35
The highest strike rate here is 153.31 by Afridi, followed by 148.33 by Pietersen.
Most wickets (20 and more):
Afridi (39) has taken over the record from Malinga. Next among current players is Shakib with 30.
The record of 6-8 by Ajantha Mendis has not come under threat this time as no one has taken more than 4 wickets in an innings.
From those listed above, Mendis has the best average of 15.02, Vettori the best economy at 5.83 and Mendis the best strike rate of 13.4
Fielding (12 or more dismissals):
De Villiers (31) has the most dismissals and is set to add to his record. Most of his catches were as a fielder. Dhoni (29) and Ramdin (26) have a chance of catching up.
Kamran Akmal has the most dismissals (30) among the “pure” keepers. Guptill and Warner with 15 lead among the pure non-keepers, although de Villiers has 22 catches as a fielder along with 7 catches as a keeper and 2 stumpings.
Best all-round performance (Minimum 100 runs and 10 wickets):
Using this criterion, Kallis ranks the highest, followed by Shakib and Mathews from the current players.
As we can see, a few of these records may be broken before the end of the 2016 World Championship.
Though the Asia Cup is considered a small sideshow in the cricket calendar, it has been held sporadically since 1984. India won that first tournament in 1984 and now has a total of 6 titles, including 2016 which was held in the 20-over format for the first time. It is expected that it will be held in this format whenever it is held in the same year as the World T20 Championship.
For the full history see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asia_Cup
The leading individual performances are given below:
Most Runs (80 and above)
Somewhat ironically the most runs were scored by a batsman from Hong Kong which played only in 3 matches in the first round. From the “main” teams Sabbir Rahman scored the most runs (176) and was named the “Man of the Tournament”. Babar Hayat and LD Chandimal were the only ones to cross 50 twice.
Highest Individual Scores (50 and above)
RG Sharma made the highest score (83) among the main teams, followed by Sabbir Rahman with 80.
Bowling: 4 or more wickets overall
Among players from the main teams, the lesser-known Al-Amin Hossain took the most wickets (11) followed by Kulasekara, Mohammed Amir and Pandya with 7 apiece.
Best innings bowling: 3 or more wickets
Malinga’s 4-26 is the best performance for the main teams. Unfortuately for Sri Lanka that was the only match he played. The next best is 3-8 by Pandya. Al-Amin Hossain was consistent with three 3-wicket hauls.
Most dismissals (3 and above)
Not surprisingly, Dhoni topped this list along with SP Patil of the UAE. Nurul Hasan had the most stumpings (3). The most catches by non-keepers were 6 by Babar Hayat and Soumya Sarkar.
Overall all-round performance (at least 40 runs and 4 wickets):
Useful contributions by Mahmudullah and Shakib, besides the trio from the UAE.
All-round match performances (at least 20 runs and 2 wickets)
Rohan Mustafa had the best all-round match performance,while Mahmudullah had the best performance among the main teams.
It is interesting to see that India won the tournament without any spectacular performances (except RG Sharma’s 83). The whole performed better than the sum of the parts, which is supposed to be the hallmark of a good team.
As we all know, Brendon McCullum recorded the fastest ever Test century in the Christchurch Test when he crossed 100 in 54 balls.
He also became the only Test player to score a century in the last test of his career, while captaining his country. This is what you get from Statsguru:
Naturally, Smith can be discounted as we know he has not retired. So McCullum is the only one who qualifies.
This seemed a bit odd, so I repeated this check to identify those who scored a fifty in the last test of their career, while captaining their side. We get this:
This live link may be more useful: http://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/stats/index.html?captain=1;class=1;debut_or_last=2;filter=advanced;opposition=1;opposition=2;opposition=25;opposition=3;opposition=4;opposition=5;opposition=6;opposition=7;opposition=8;opposition=9;orderby=start;qualmin1=1;qualval1=fifty_plus;team=1;team=2;team=25;team=3;team=4;team=5;team=6;team=7;team=8;team=9;template=results;type=batting
As many as 34 names here. But it includes some whose Test careers are not over, essentially everyone from Mushfiqur Rahim downwards excluding McCullum and now Misbah. So we remove Mushfiqur, Kohli, Mathews, AN Cook and SPD Smith.
So we are left with 29 who scored a fifty in their last Test when they were captaining. In some cases their retirement was known in advance, in other cases they may not have known they were playing their last Test.
McCullum has scored the most runs in the match (170) among these, though a few others have crossed 100 without making a century. The WI player RK Nunes is the only one to score two fifties in this category.
We may as well see the list of all those who scored centuries in the last Test of their career, regardless of captaincy:
This live link may be more useful: http://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/records/282931.html
Here we have a total of 42. We remove current players who are likely to keep playing for a while: Hafeez, Rahane, SE Marsh, Amla, SC Cook, de Kock, Burns and SPD Smith. This leaves 34 who scored centuries in their last Test (unless McCullum makes a comeback). In contrast, 100 players scored 102 centuries on debut (Remember Rowe and Yaseer Hameed).
Naturally our old friends AG Ganteaume and RE Redmond are there, as their first and last Tests were the same. Others who scored centuries on debut and last Tests are Duff (104 & 146), Ponsford (110 & 266), Greg Chappell (108 & 182) and Azharuddin (110 & 102). In case SE Marsh does not play another Test he will also join this club with 141 & 182.
Centuries in their last Test include those by Sandham (325, the first Test triple century) and double centuries by Ponsford, Nurse, Aravinda de Silva (last f-c match) and (strangest of all) night-watchman Gillespie making his only Test century.
CAG Russell is the only one to score centuries in both innings of his last Test. He was the first English player to score centuries in both innings of a Test.
Australia won the recent 3-Test series 2-0 with one draw, with the drawn match being badly affected by rain. After this series, a total of 116 Tests have been played between these countries. Australia leads 58-32 with one tie and 25 draws.
For the 66 Tests in Australia, the hosts lead 37-18 with one tie and 10 draws. In the 50 Tests in the West Indies, Australia still lead 21-14 with 15 draws.
A look at various statistical records at the end of the series:
Most runs (1000 and above):
Nobody from the present sides, the most recent entries being that of Ponting and Chanderpaul.
Highest scores (175 and above):
Here newcomer AC Voges made the highest score for Aus v WI, surpassing the 242 by KD Walters in 1968-69. That was an important landmark as Walters became the first to score a century and double century in the same Test, a feat which was soon repeated by SM Gavaskar and others.
Now to highest averages (for a minimum of 20 innings batted):
The top two names might be a little surprising, as well as the relatively low positions of Richards, Sobers and Greenidge who were prolific scorers against most teams.
The most centuries are 9 by BC Lara and RB Richardson, followed by 7 by RT Ponting and SR Waugh.
The most 50-plus scores are 20 by BC Lara, followed by 19 by DL Haynes and IVA Richards and 18 by CH Lloyd.
Bowling: Most wickets (40 and more):
The most 5-fors were 8 by Ambrose and McGrath, while McGrath was the only one to take two ten-fors. It can be seen that McGrath is the most recent entrant in this table.
Now we look at bowling averages (for a minimum of 2000 balls bowled):
This is on expected lines.
The best economy rates are 2.06 by LR Gibbs, followed by 2.27 by MHN Walker and 2.33 by R Benaud and GD McGrath
The best strike rates are 42.2 by B Lee, 44.7 by JR Thomson and 47.0 by J Garner.
Fielding: (20 or more dismissals):
The most stumpings were 9 by the now-forgotten GRA Langley. The most catches by non-keepers were 45 by ME Waugh and 38 by CL Hooper.
The most dismissals in an innings was 7 by RD Jacobs, and in a match it was 9 by DA Murray and RD Jacobs.
Highest dismissal rate (for a minimum of 20 innings fielded):
Note that RB Simpson has the highest rate among non-keepers.
All-round performances (overall):
As usual, we have to use some semi-arbitrary criteria to identify all-rounders here. However, this has got most of those who are generally considered to be better all-rounders (though one may say that AR Border’s second place is surprising).
And finally, best all-round performances in a match:
DS Atkinson and Mushtaq Mohammed are the only ones (in all Tests) who have scored a double century and taken a five-for in the same match.
After seeing the travails of Adil Rashid, Jason Krezja and others we turn to something more positive-the best bowling figures on debut. We have already seen that a poor debut does not always stand in the way of a long and successful career (Bradman with his 18 and 1 and Hutton with 0 and 1 would be prime examples).
These figures are up to the end of the recent Tests at Abu Dhabi and Galle.
Best innings bowling on debut:
First on the list is Australia’s Albert Trott, who added 38* and 72* to his 8-wicket haul. He also scored 85* in the next Test. However, he played only 3 Tests for Australia, 2 more for England and died in tragic circumstances (an euphemism for depression leading to suicide).
Another Australian Bob Massie made an unexpected 16-wicket haul at Lord’s but could not do much afterwards, though his tailend batting did help to win one Test against Pakistan. He did not take a 5-for after his debut and ended with 6 Tests.
India’s Narendra Hirwani was somewhat more fortunate than Massie, but never could repeat anything close to his devastation of a fairly strong West Indies team. He even went on to become a national selector.
Lance Klusener’s debut was somewhat similar to that of Rashid as he took 0-75 followed by 8-64. However, for most of his career he was considered more of a batting all-rounder. He was the man of the tournament in the 1999 World Cup.
TK Kendall took 7/55 in the very first Test. Note the 4-ball overs.
Then we have our old friends Krezja and Valentine whose bowling could not prevent defeats for their teams. Some other famous names like Bedser, Laker and Sammy of more recent vintage are there. South Africa’s WH Ashley played in only one Test; he is the only one to take a five-for in his only innings.
We now look at match bowling figures on debut:
Hirwani heads this list, though his analysis is just one run ahead of Massie’s. The record of 12-102 by Fred “Nutty” Martin was the best by a debutant from 1890 to 1972, though his career ended after 2 Tests. Well-known names such as Grimmett, Bedser, Valentine, Peter Pollock, Alderman and Laker are well represented here, besides current players like M Shami and R Ashwin.
One curiosity is CS Marriott, who is the only one to take a 10-for in his only Test. JK Lever is the only one to add a fifty to his 10 wickets on debut. And HHH Johnson is the only Test player to have three repeating initials in his name; coincidentally he played in only 3 Tests.
R Berry made his debut along with Ramadhin and Valentine. Though he was instrumental in winning that Test, the other two ensured that the West Indies won the next three Tests.
In general, it appears that performance on debut has relatively little to do with long-term performance both for batsmen and bowlers. I suppose that a rigorous statistical analysis with t-tests and the like would prove this more conclusively.
Everyone knows about Bradman’s 99.94 and most cricket fans know about A.G. Ganteaume’s freak average of 112.00 .
But have you wondered who scored the most runs in his Test career without ever being dismissed? The answer is Pakistan’s Afaq Hussain of the 1960s, whom most Pakistani cricket fans may not have heard of:
Cricinfo does not have a picture for him.
Here is a list of those who scored the most runs in Tests without ever being dismissed:
But Afaq played in only 2 Tests and 4 innings. Whom do you you think played the most Tests and innings without ever being dismissed? The answer is another Pakistani player, who is somewhat better known but is not likely to play Tests again:
Here is the list of those who played the most Tests and innings without being dismissed;
Note that this list includes Niaz Ahmed who has been mentioned as the only East Pakistani to have played for Pakistan. He was born in Varanasi, so this may or may not be true.
There have been only three instances of 4 wickets in 5 balls, and Pakistan has been involved in two of them:
Scorecards of these matches:
Here Pakistan went from 125/6 to 126/9, with Wasim Bari, Iqbal Qasim and Sikander Bakht being out first ball.
Here Akram dismissed tailenders Ambrose and Walsh first ball.
And finally, the lesser known Pervez Sajjad held the record of best Test return for 4 wickets from 1965 to 2013:
He was the the first to reach 4 wickets for 5 runs in 1964-65. This was equalled by England’s Ken Higgs soon afterwards but was not beaten until Zimbabwe’s A.C. Cremer took 4-4 in 2013.
As you know, several famous Indians were born on September 17. Some are fortunate to have Mallika Sherawat singing birthday greetings for them. Here we look at one who is not a politician but is famous in his own right as
- India’s best Test all-rounder, surpassing Kapil
- The second-best spinning all-rounder in all Tests, ahead of bigger names like Mankad and Benaud.
In these tables we are considering a cutoff of 1000 runs, 100 wickets, batting average above 15.00, bowling average below 45.00. Ranking is by (Batting average-Bowling average).
Spinning all-rounders from all countries.
Note that Statsguru does not seem to consider Sobers and Greig to be spinners, since they bowled medium-pace as well.
Tail piece: he is also India’s leading opening bowler of the 2010s (ie bowling at no 1 or 2)-far ahead of regular opening bowlers such as Zaheer Khan and Ishant Sharma:
Symmetry in wins, losses and draws:
So far we have seen lists of Test players with “unsymmetrical” careers-either the dominance or absence of wins, losses and draws. But there are a few cases where the players ended their career with exactly the same number of wins, draws and losses:
TBA May (Aus): 8 wins, 8 losses and 8 draws.
Akram Raza (Pak): 3, 3 and 3.
JM Wiener (Aus): 2, 2 and 2.
And there were some who ended up with almost similar numbers of wins, losses and draws:
NJ Astle (NZ): 81 (27 wins, 28 losses, 26 draws)
EH Hendren (Eng): 51 (16, 18, 17)
FMM Worrell (WI): 51 (18, 17, 16)
ED Weekes (WI): 48 (16, 15, 17)
N Kulashekara (SL): 21 (7,6,8)
Symmetry and asymmetry in centuries in particular innings
You would expect that all leading batsmen (say with 20 or more centuries) would have scored centuries in all 4 innings. But there are some exceptions:
SR Waugh (Aus): 32 (No 4th)
M. Yousuf (Pak): 24 (No 4th)
V Sehwag (Ind): 23 (No 4th)
IR Bell (Eng): 22 (No 4th)
MC Cowdrey (Eng): 22 (No 4th)
DC Boon (Aus): 21 (No 4th)
G Kirsten (SA): 21 (No 4th)
DC Boon (Aus): 21 (No 4th)
Some other odd cases:
H Masakadza (Zim) and A Melville (SA) each scored 4 centuries, with one in each innings.
Melville was the first to score 4 Test centuries in consecutive innings-though World War 2 came in between the first and second century.
AF Rae (WI) and Wasim Raja (Pak) each scored all their 4 centuries in the 1st innings
MJ Horne (NZ) and RT Simpson (Eng) each scored all their 4 centuries in the 2nd innings
With Hardik Patel grabbing the limelight, it is good to see another Patel doing something more constructive such as helping India A to win an unofficial Test against South Africa A – even if it was a ground deep in the forests of Kerala far from any city.
Until now he has been considered more of a fringe player despite having played over 20 ODIs and T20Is without doing anything memorable, though he is remembered more for the X in his first name.
His 4 wickets for none helped reduce his opponents to 76 all out, giving India A an innings victory as well as a series victory. He had earlier taken 5-92 and scored 69 not out in the same match.
Four wickets for none gives him a share in the world record for the best 4-wicket record, which was also achieved by 8 others including Lala Amarnath (who was 47 years old at the time).
This was a fairly respectable South Africa A side which included 7 Test players and 2 others who had played in T20Is until then.
It is also interesting to see the best 4-wicket hauls in Tests, especially when the record is held by a relatively unknown player from one of the minor Test teams. The second and the third on the list had reasonable Test careers but are forgotten now. And Appleyard’s 4-7 was the key to New Zealand’s unwanted record of 26 all out, while Dilshan added centuries in both innings to his 4-10.
Note: This was written in August 2015 and has not been updated.
Fielding statistics do not get as much prominence as batting and bowling statistics. Even then, usually the wicketkeeper’s figures are usually given more prominence than that of ordinary fielders.
The present record for catches in the field in an innings is 5 (shared by several, starting with VY Richardson) and in a match it is 8 (where AM Rahane stands alone, followed by several with 7).
Here is a chronological list of all those who have taken 5 catches in an innings:
And a chronological list of all those who have taken 7 or more catches in a match:
VY Richardson had reasonable success at a batsman for Australia in the 1920s and 1930s, including the Bodyline series. He became the first of several to take 5 catches in an innings in his final Test at Durban. He took one catch in the first innings and 5 in the second.
Later generations would know him better as the maternal grandfather of the Chappell brothers. One can see some family resemblance.
When he passed away in 1969, he had seen Ian well set in the Australian team although Greg and Trevor were yet to play for their country.
In 1974, Greg Chappell became the first to take 7 catches in a match. This came in the series which some called “Reverse Bodyline” where Lillee and Thomson swept all before them in a 4-1 win. He took 3 catches in the first innings and 4 in the second.
Thus both the records remained within the family until early 1977, when Yajuvendra Singh made his debut.
It had been a traumatic series for India with England winning three Tests in a row, thus sealing the fate of the series before the 4th Test started. India batted first, but YS did not do much, scoring 8 and 15 in the match. He equalled the innings record in the first innings with 5 catches, and added 2 more in the second to equal the record. India won this Test and the final result was an England win at 3-1.
After this, the feat of taking 5 in an innings and 7 in a match became common. But Yajurvindra Singh remains the only one to achieve these on his debut, a small consolation for a disappointing 4-Test career though he did well enough in first-class cricket. He was distantly related to Ranjitsinhji and Duleepsinhji.
We finally move on to the anti-climactic Test at Galle in 2015 where India failed to chase 176-but this was on a ground where the highest winning fourth-innings chase was 99. AM Rahane took 3 catches in the first innings an 5 in the second, thus getting a share in the innings record and becoming the only one to take 8 catches as a fielder in Tests.
In all first-class cricket, the record is 7 catches in an innings. There are several with 6 catches:
While the record for a match is 10 by Hammond. Rahane just gets into the top part of the first-class record: