More on Test centuries in different innings

We first look at this chart of leading century-makers in Tests:

25 and more centuries

Most of the leading century makers such as Tendulkar, Kallis and Ponting have scored centuries in all 4 innings, though Steve Waugh made 32 centuries without any in the 4th innings. You can see that most of those in the above table did not do too well in the 3rd and 4th innings, though there are exceptions such as Sangakkara. Let us see if there are any who did equally well in all 4 innings. One has to go quite low down the table to find someone who scored one century in each innings (1111). The only such player was the South African Alan Melville. What is more odd is that these 4 centuries were in successive innings (though World War 2 intervened between the first and the second centuries)

You can see the full details here: http://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/records/282968.html

When he returned to Test cricket in 1947 he scored centuries in both innings, then one more and no other century in his career. He thus equaled the record of 4 centuries in successive innings set by JH Fingleton. Soon afterwards, Weekes surpassed this with 5 and many years later Dravid also made 4 in successive innings.

If we go to those who scored 8 centuries, there is no one with an equitable 2222. The nearest approach would be by B Mitchell (SA) with 2321, CC Hunte 2312 and at a stretch DM Bravo (1331).

For those with 12 centuries, the closest are: AI Kallicharan (3531), AR Morris (5322), Ijaz Ahmed (3522) and JG Wright (4431). Also note Hanif Mohammad and JH Edrich with 4440.

16 centuries: H Sutcliffe (6433)

20 centuries: GA Gooch (7373), ME Waugh (7922), PA de Silva (5771)

24 centuries: GS Chappell (7-11-5-1), IVA Richards (8-10-4-2)

28 centuries: HM Amla (12-6-9-1)

32 centuries: AN Cook (8-10-12-2)

36 centuries: R Dravid is the only one, with a rather asymmetric 15-15-5-1.

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KL Rahul’s short-lived record

For a short time between the second and third Tests in the current series, KL Rahul shared an obscure Test record with Ravi Bopara-they were the only batsmen to make 3 Test centuries with no fifty (i.e. no score between 50 and 99). As Rahul got out on 50, the record now goes back to Bopara. More details in my earlier post: https://wordpress.com/post/abn397.wordpress.com/2052

As we see, there are numerous players who scored one century and no fifty (including Agarkar and Ratra from India in recent years). A small number made two centuries and no fifties.

No one has scored 4 or more centuries with no fifties. The least number of fifties for the 4-century men is 3, shared by several including Shikhar  Dhawan, Kambli and  current players Dean Elgar and Usman Khawaja:

Four centuries

There is another statistical quirk which shows up whenever someone makes 163 or more runs on his debut (including both innings). The long-term record for the most runs in an one-Test career belongs to RE Redmond who made 107 + 56 = 163 in early 1973. Since then, over 20 players had scored over 163 runs on their debut and this held the record for the most runs in an one-test career (but only until they played their second Test). Another Kiwi JD Neesham was the last to hold this record, making 33 and 137* (170) on his debut against India in early 2014. But he soon played more Tests. Before that there was Rohit Sharma with 177 and Shikhar Dhawan with 187. Here is a list of the temporary record-holders who equalled or bettered Redmond’s record since 1973:

Redmond record

A few of these players, notably those from Pakistan, vanished from the scene almost as quickly as the hapless Rodney Redmond did. At least he had the satisfaction of seeing his son Aaron play 8 Tests, with two fifties and a top score of 81.

Review of England-Sri Lanka Tests

At the close of the  3-Test series in England on June 13, a total of 31 Tests had been played between the two countries since 1981-82. England led 12-8 with 11 draws.

In England, England lead 8-3 with 7 draws.

In Sri Lanka, England trail 4-5 with 4 draws.

We now look at batting performances for both teams.

Most runs (500 and above):

Most runs

M Jayawardene and KC Sangakkara have scored the most runs, followed by AN Cook.

M Jayawardene has the most centuries with 8, followed by several with 3.

Jayawardene also has the most 50-plus scores with 18, followed by Sangakkara with 12.

Highest individual scores (150 and above):

Highest innings

Inevitably Jayawardene has the highest score here, along with Jayasuriya.

Highest batting average (minimum 20 innings):

Batting average

M Jayawardene and AN Cook lead here as well.

Now for bowling performances

Most wickets (20 and above):

Most wickets

M Muralitharan leads by a large margin, with more than twice the wickets taken by the 2nd-placed JM Anderson.

These two also have the most fivers (8 and 4 respectively). Muralitharan has the most tenners (4) and no one else has more than 1.

Best innings bowling (6 or more wickets):

innings bowling

Muralitharan has the top 3 performances. Also note Emburey’s 6-33 in the first Test between these countries.

Best match bowling (9 or more wickets):

Match bowling

Muralitharan heads this list with one of the best match bowling performances of all time. Anderson recorded the best for England in the first Test at Leeds in 2016.

Bowling averages (minimum 2000 balls):

Bowling average

Muralitharan and Anderson inevitably top this as well, followed by the unlikely Jayasuriya.

The best economy rates are 2.03 (Muralitharan) and 2.08 (Jayasuriya).

The best strike rates are 48.0 (Anderson), 58.7 (Hoggard) and 59.0 (Muralitharan).

Now for fielding performances.

Most fielding dismissals (10 and above):

Most dismissals

Sangakkara and Prior head the table.

Also, Sangakkara has the most stumpings (6), Prior the most catches by a keeper (39) and M Jayawardene the most catches by a fielder (38). Also note JM Bairstow’s 19 dismissals in the current 3-Test series.

The most dismissals in an innings are 5 by Sangakkara, GO Jones and JM Bairstow.  In a match it is 9 by Bairstow in the first Test at Leeds in 2016.

Dismissals per innings (minimum 20 innings, 0.45 and above):

dismissals per innings

All-round performances:

Overall:

Allround overall

Even with relaxed criteria we only get two here, with Jayasuriya being the unlikely leader.

Match performances (at least one fifty and one four-for):

Allround match

Only three instances, all from Sri Lanka. Mathews’s performance would appear to be the best.

Summary statistics of T20 2016 World Championship

 

For 2016 alone:

http://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/stats/index.html?class=3;filter=advanced;orderby=matches;size=200;spanmin1=24+Feb+2016;spanval1=span;template=results;trophy=89;type=allround

For all matches in this World Championship since 2007:

http://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/stats/index.html?class=3;filter=advanced;orderby=matches;size=200;template=results;trophy=89;type=allround

Those who are familiar with Statsguru should be able to extract various parameters such as total runs, batting averages, strike rates etc. from the output of these links.

Century on debut and never again (revised-Jan 2018)

The feat of scoring a century on Test debut is not as rare as one may imagine. It has occurred no less than 102 occasions which  produced 104 centuries, including two instances of two centuries on debut. Most of these players have gone on to score one or more centuries after that, including prolific batsmen like Peter May, Bill Ponsford, G. R. Viswanath, Greg Chappell, Saleem Malik, M. Azharuddin and Virender Sehwag among others.

The highest innings score on debut is 287 by R.E. Foster in 1903-04 (oddly enough the Wright Brothers made their first successful flight during this match). There are several other double centuries on debut. Those who scored two centuries on debut are L. G. Rowe (214 and 100* in 1971-72) who scored several centuries including a triple after that, and Yaseer Hameed (170 and 105 in 2003-04) who never made another.

Those who scored double centuries on debut and failed to make even a single after this include R.E. Foster and B. Kuruppu. The list below also includes some who scored a total of over 200 in the match, including Archie Jackson, Yaseer Hameed and Umar Akmal.

Of the 100 who scored one or two centuries on debut, 38 including Yaseer Hameed never made another one. And several never made even a fifty again. The full list is given below: (click to see the pdf file)

Century and never again

The first instance of 165* came in the very first Test in 1876-77. Ganteaume and Redmond scored centuries in their only Tests, the former doing so in his only Test innings and the latter adding a fifty in the second innings. SC Griffith and AG Ganteaume provide the only example of two such unfortunates making their debut in the same Test.

For a long time there was supposed to be a hoodoo of sorts over Indian players who scored a century on debut. Lala Amarnath, D. H. Shodhan, Kripal Singh, A. A. Baig and Hanumant Singh (not to forget Pataudi Sr playing for England) never made another century. However, K. S. Ranjitsinhji did add to his century on debut.

G. R. Viswanath was the first to score a duck and century on debut. Three others followed him, including K. K. Jennings in Dec 2016.

It was not until 1972-73 that Viswanath scored his second century and broke the hoodoo. Several other Indians such as Azharuddin , Ganguly and Sehwag did score several centuries after their debut, although S. Amarnath (like his father), P. Amre and S. Raina also failed to add to their century on debut.

Ironically, Mohinder Amarnath did not have a great debut but had a more successful Test career than his brother.

The list above does include some who are still in Test contention (from, say, Umar Akmal onwards) who may yet score more centuries-though it appears that many of them (such as Raina) are not very likely to play Tests again. Blundell has only played 2 Tests so we might see him scoring more centuries (unlike his compatriot HD Rutherford).

 

Another record for Brendon McCullum (Revised in Sep 2017)

As we all know, Brendon McCullum recorded the fastest ever Test century in the Christchurch Test when he crossed 100 in 54 balls.

He also became the only Test player to score a century in the last test of his career, while captaining his country. This is what you get from Statsguru:

Century in last career Test, while captain

Naturally, Smith can be discounted as we know he has not retired. So McCullum is the only one who qualifies.

This seemed a bit odd, so I repeated this check to identify those who scored a fifty in the last test of their career, while captaining their side. We get this:

50 plus in last career Test, while captain

This live link may be more useful: http://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/stats/index.html?captain=1;class=1;debut_or_last=2;filter=advanced;opposition=1;opposition=2;opposition=25;opposition=3;opposition=4;opposition=5;opposition=6;opposition=7;opposition=8;opposition=9;orderby=start;qualmin1=1;qualval1=fifty_plus;team=1;team=2;team=25;team=3;team=4;team=5;team=6;team=7;team=8;team=9;template=results;type=batting

As many as 34 names here. But it includes some whose Test careers are not over, essentially everyone from Mushfiqur Rahim downwards excluding McCullum and now Misbah. So we remove Mushfiqur, Kohli, Mathews, AN Cook and SPD Smith.

So we are left with 29 who scored a fifty in their last Test when they were captaining. In some cases their retirement was known in advance, in other cases they may not have known they were playing their last Test.

McCullum has scored the most runs in the match (170) among these, though a few others have crossed 100 without making a century. The WI player RK Nunes is the only one to score two fifties in this category.

We may as well see the list of all those who scored centuries in the last Test of their career, regardless of captaincy:

Century in last Test

This live link may be more useful: http://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/records/282931.html

Here we have a total of 42. We remove current players who are likely to keep playing for a while: Hafeez, Rahane, SE Marsh, Amla, SC Cook, de Kock, Burns and SPD Smith. This leaves 34 who scored centuries in their last Test (unless McCullum makes a comeback). In contrast, 100 players scored 102 centuries on debut (Remember Rowe and Yaseer Hameed).

Naturally our old friends AG Ganteaume and RE Redmond are there, as their first and last Tests were the same. Others who scored centuries on debut and last Tests are Duff (104 & 146), Ponsford (110 & 266), Greg Chappell (108 & 182) and Azharuddin (110 & 102). In case SE Marsh does not play another Test he will also join this club with 141 & 182.

Centuries in their last Test include those by Sandham (325, the first Test triple century) and double centuries by Ponsford, Nurse, Aravinda de Silva (last f-c match) and (strangest of all) night-watchman Gillespie making his only Test century.

CAG Russell is the only one to score centuries in both innings of his last Test. He was the first English player to score centuries in both innings of a Test.

Cricket odds and ends-symmetrical careers

Symmetry in wins, losses and draws:

So far we have seen lists of Test players with “unsymmetrical” careers-either the dominance or absence of wins, losses and draws. But there are a few cases where the players ended their career with exactly the same number of wins, draws and losses:

TBA May (Aus):      8 wins, 8 losses and 8 draws.

Akram Raza (Pak): 3, 3 and 3.

JM Wiener (Aus):    2, 2 and 2.

And there were some who ended up with almost similar numbers of wins, losses and draws:

NJ Astle (NZ):          81 (27 wins, 28 losses, 26 draws)

EH Hendren (Eng):  51 (16, 18, 17)

FMM Worrell (WI):   51 (18, 17, 16)

ED Weekes (WI):     48 (16, 15, 17)

N Kulashekara (SL): 21 (7,6,8)

Symmetry and asymmetry in centuries in particular innings

You would expect that all leading batsmen (say with 20 or more centuries) would have scored centuries in all 4 innings. But there are some exceptions:

SR Waugh (Aus):      32 (No 4th)

M. Yousuf (Pak):       24 (No 4th)

V Sehwag (Ind):        23 (No 4th)

IR Bell (Eng):            22 (No 4th)

MC Cowdrey (Eng):  22 (No 4th)

DC Boon (Aus):        21 (No 4th)

G Kirsten (SA):         21 (No 4th)

DC Boon (Aus):        21 (No 4th)

Some other odd cases:

H Masakadza (Zim) and A Melville (SA) each scored 4 centuries, with one in each innings.

Melville was the first to score 4 Test centuries in consecutive innings-though World War 2 came in between the first and second century.

AF Rae (WI) and Wasim Raja (Pak) each scored all their 4 centuries in the 1st innings

MJ Horne (NZ) and RT Simpson (Eng) each scored all their 4 centuries in the 2nd innings