Best performances by losing captains-2

Hope that you have read part 1: https://abn397.wordpress.com/2018/08/05/best-performances-by-losing-captains/

We look at other performances by captains in tests lost by their team. We will see that India is well represented here.

Best innings bowling (including all instances of 5wi and above):

Captains losing-innings bowling scores

Kapil is the only captain who has taken more than 7 wickets here. BS Bedi, Imran Khan and Courtney Walsh have multiple appearances. Current players include Shakib Al Hasan (multiple appearances), Graeme Cremer and Jason Holder.

Best match bowling (8wm and above):

Captains losing-match bowling scores

Kapil again heads this, from that same match in 1983. Bedi is the only other one with a 10-for. Current players include Jason Holder and Graeme Cremer.

Best innings fielding (5 dismissals):

Captains losing-innings fielding

Includes a few current players such as Mushfiqur, SPD Smith and Sarfraz. Sammy and Smith are the only non-keepers here.

Best match fielding (6 dismissals):

Captains losing-match fielding

Current player Sarfraz Ahmed tops this list along with AC Gilchrist, while MS Dhoni and SPD Smith also appear. SP Fleming and SPD Smith (twice) are the only non-keepers. Gilchrist was a “regular” stand-in captain.

Best all-round performance (50 and 5wi):

Captains losing-all round

Holder and Shakib from the present, while Imran Khan has two appearances from the same series in 1982. The best performances would by by Imran (July 1982) and Holder.

 

Best performances by losing captains-1

The 1st Test between England and India saw England winning, though Virat Kohli’s 149 and 51 attracted attention more as it was almost a solo performance. Let us see that best batting performances by captains whose side lost.

Best innings scores (140 and above):

Captains losing-innings scores

Only one double century here. Remember that this is only for captains, so there are higher scores like Lara’s 221 (when not captain) which do not appear here.

Tendulkar and Kohli (in Jan 2018) have scored more than Kohli’s 149 here. Pataudi and Kohli (yet again, this time from 2014) appear further down. Cook and Mushfiqur are other current players here.

Now for Best match totals (190 and above):

Captains losing-match scores

Here, Kohli has the highest among all losing captains with 256 in 2014. His 200 in this match is in third place for India, with Pataudi in second place. Cook also appears here.

Next we will look at the best bowling, fielding and all-round performances by losing captains. A number of current players figure in these.

 

Those who captained in only one Test

There are as many as 49 Test players (starting with HH Massie in 1885 and ending with TD Paine in 2018) who captained their sides in exactly one Test. Of these, 5 were playing their only Test, the best-known being the future Hollywood resident CA Smith. Let us have a closer look at how they did.

In many cases they happened to captain the side when the regular captain was unavailable due to injury or illness (or other reasons, as in 2018). In the earlier years some teams such as South Africa were not quite settled and had to frequently make changes. And West Indies in the early years had an informal rule that the captain for a particular Test had to be from the country where it was being played.

11 of these captains won the only Test they captained in:

Only win

A short list, with some well-known players such as Brown, Harvey, Shastri and Rahane. Mortaza was particularly lucky as he was injured for most of the match while Shakib deputised for him in Bangladesh’s second Test win and the first away from home. Of these, only Rahane might captain his team again. But that would only be if the incumbent is unavailable for some reason.

22 lost the only Test they captained in:

Only loss

A number of well-known players are here who had long careers but were not considered as regular captains for various reasons. DB Carr did play in only 2 Tests but this one Test was India’s first-ever victory. Afridi the unpredictable captained his only Test at Lord’s.

Everyone here from Hafeez downwards might captain their teams again (except Watson who has retired from international cricket).

And 16 drew the only Test they captained in:

Only Draw

A sprinkling of well-known players here. Headley should have captained the West Indies earlier but for the long-established principle that only white men could captain the side. Adhikari’s draw made him a hero at that time as India had just lost 3 Tests in a row, all by heavy margins.

As the last such event was in 2001, there is no current player who might captain his side again.

A small consolation for Steve Smith

During the third SA-Aus Test at Cape Town, SPD Smith perhaps became the first Test captain to be sacked in the middle of a match and told to hand over charge. However, he may draw small consolation from setting a minor fielding record.

These records are as of April 1, 2018. The ICC World XI v Aus Test is not counted.

Most catches in an innings by a captain (5 and above):

Captains-innings fielding

While wicketkeeper captains Latif and Dhoni have taken 6 catches in an innings, Smith equalled the non-keepers record for captains with 5 catches, along with VY Richardson, SP Fleming, GC Smith and DJG Sammy. There are a few non-captain fielders such as Yajurvindra Singh and AM Rahane who have also taken 5 catches in an innings.

We also look at match fielding performances by captains (6 dismissals and above):

Captains-match fielding

While keeper Dhoni has the record of 9 dismissals (in his last Test), SP Fleming has the record of 7 for non-keeper captains. Smith has taken 6 catches in this Test and in one earlier match. In this case Rahane has the record for 8 catches by a non-keeper, though he was not captaining in that Test.

Finally, we look at overall fielding performances by captains (70 dismissals and above):

Captains-overall fielding

While Dhoni has the highest number of dismissals, he is followed by several non-keepers led by GC Smith and SP Fleming who have over a hundred catches. Steve Smith is fairly high up here, sandwiched between MA Taylor and Lara.

 

 

Wicket keepers who captained in ODIs and T20Is

Tim Paine inspired this post https://abn397.wordpress.com/2018/03/31/wicket-keepers-who-captained-in-tests/ which deserves a follow-up for other formats.

Wicket keepers who captained in ODIs:

WK cap-ODI

(This is as on 31 March 2018 and does not include matches involving multinational sides such as World XI, Asia XI and Africa XI).

MS Dhoni is far ahead of anyone else. The runner-up in Tests, Mushfiqur Rahim is somewhat further down here.

As in Tests, there are some “hybrids” who did not keep wickets in all their matches. They include:

KC Sangakkara: kept wickets in all his 45 matches as captain (though he did not keep while captaining in Tests).

AJ Stewart: captained in 41 ODIs, 39 while keeping and 2 when not keeping.

AB de Villiers: captained in 103 ODIs, 30 as keeper and 73 as non-keeper.

LD Chandimal: captained in 7 ODIs but was not keeper in any.

R Dravid: captained in 79 ODIs, 5 as keeper and 74 as non-keeper.

(This list is not exhaustive).

We may see Australia’s new keeper-captain TD Paine here soon. Gilchrist and Healy from Australia are already there.

Now for T20Is:

Wicket keepers who captained in T20Is:

WK-captain (T20I)

(This is as on 31 March 2018 and does not include matches involving multinational sides such as the World XI).

MS Dhoni is again head and shoulders above everyone else. His Test runner-up Mushfiqur Rahim is runner-up here, unlike in ODIs.

A few curiosities:

KC Sangakkara captained in 22 T20Is and was keeper in all of them (unlike in his Test captaincy where he never kept).

AB de Villiers captained in 18 T20Is, 11 as keeper and 7 as non-keeper.

LD Chandimal captained in 26 T20Is, 10 as keeper and 16 as non-keeper.

(This list is not exhaustive).

And Australia’s Paine is set to join his compatriots Gilchrist and Haddin on this list.

 

 

 

Wicket-keepers who captained in Tests (Revised in March 2019)

Australia’s Tim Paine became the latest of the relatively few wicket-keepers to have captained in a Test. Here is the full list (as on 31 Mar 2019):

Wicketkeeper captain

Relatively few keepers have had extended runs as captains. However the top two on this list are current players, even though MS Dhoni retired from Tests a few years ago and from the captaincy of ODIs and T20Is more recently.

There are some like Gilchrist and Boucher who captained only when the regular captain was temporarily unavailable. Some, like DL Murray , had long Test careers but captained their side in precisely one Test.

The current WK-captains are Sarfaraz Ahmed (13) and TD Paine (9)

It remains to be seen how long they continue as captains.

Lee Germon is a special case as he captained his side in all his 12 Tests. He is the only player from an established side to have captained in a Test on his debut in recent years. The last before him was Tony Lewis in 1972. (Obviously we do not count Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh and the returning South Africa).

Germon is second on the list of those who captained their side in all their Tests. The leader was also a keeper:

Long ago PM Sherwell led South Africa in all his 13 Tests, a record for all countries. He was keeper in all these 13 Tests.

A few such as AJ Stewart played numerous Tests as keeper and non-keeper. The above list only includes the Tests where he was keeper. He also opened the batting in some of these matches. He captained England a total of 15 times, 12 as keeper and 3 as non-keeper. BB McCullum captained New Zealand 31 times, but was keeper in only 1 of them.

Other examples include KC Sangakkara (captained in 15 Tests, never as a keeper), AB de Villiers (captained in 3 Tests, none as keeper), R Dravid (25 Tests, none as keeper) and LD Chandimal (captained in 10 Tests, none as keeper). But they have captained in ODIs and T20Is as keepers. More about these later.

Note that Taibu somehow took one catch as a fielder when he temporarily relinquished his keeping duties.

Test captaincy and non-captaincy records

It is easy enough to get the full figures of Test captains from Statsguru:

Those who captained for 35 or more Tests:

Captains

And it is easy enough to find those who were non-captains in the most Tests:

Those who played 100 or more Tests as non-captains:

Non captains

While Tendulkar, Kallis and Chanderpaul did captain their team in some Tests, there are others (starting with Warne) who never captained at all. We now take a closer look at this category:

Those who played 80 or more Tests without ever captaining their teams:

Zero captains

SK Warne leads here with 144, with JM Anderson and VVS Laxman as runners-up. The highest for other Test teams are:

Sri Lanka-132 (M Muralitharan)

South Africa-101 (M Ntini)

West Indies-98 (CEL Ambrose)

New Zealand-86 (Sir RJ Hadlee)

Pakistan-76 (Mudassar Nazar)

Zimbabwe-67 (GW Flower)

Bangladesh-40 (Javed Omar)

In a few cases (e.g. Warne) they led their country in a few ODIs. Sometimes even that consolation was not there.

At the other end of the spectrum, there are a small number who captained their team in all their Tests. There are various reasons for this-mainly because only amateurs were considered suitable to lead England until Hutton in the 1950s. In the West Indies, the captaincy was restricted to those of European ancestry for the first few decades.

In some cases (notably SA) most players were inexperienced in the early years and there was a rapid turnover of players as well as captains. And there were strange cases like the Maharajdhirajkumar of Vizianagram which Indian cricket fans would know about.

So here is the full list of 24 players who captained their side in all their Tests:

Pure captains

The leader here is the long-forgotten South African Percy Sherwell of the early 20th century:

http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/player/47186.html

Interestingly, he was a wicket keeper-one of the few who played more than a handful of Tests as captain until Dhoni came along.

The only¬† instance of “pure captains” in recent years was LK Germon of NZ in the mid-90s. He was also a wicket keeper. http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/player/37101.html

We also see James Lillywhite jnr of England who captained his side in the first 2 Tests ever played and never played another, CA Smith who played one Test but carved out a career in Hollywood and N Betancourt who seems to be here because at that time (in the West Indies) the captain had to be from the territory where the Test was played.

Tail piece: LK Germon does possess an odd record-he has scored the most runs on debut without scoring a fifty:

Germon record