Those who captained in only one Test

There are as many as 49 Test players (starting with HH Massie in 1885 and ending with TD Paine in 2018) who captained their sides in exactly one Test. Of these, 5 were playing their only Test, the best-known being the future Hollywood resident CA Smith. Let us have a closer look at how they did.

In many cases they happened to captain the side when the regular captain was unavailable due to injury or illness (or other reasons, as in 2018). In the earlier years some teams such as South Africa were not quite settled and had to frequently make changes. And West Indies in the early years had an informal rule that the captain for a particular Test had to be from the country where it was being played.

11 of these captains won the only Test they captained in:

Only win

A short list, with some well-known players such as Brown, Harvey, Shastri and Rahane. Mortaza was particularly lucky as he was injured for most of the match while Shakib deputised for him in Bangladesh’s second Test win and the first away from home. Of these, only Rahane might captain his team again. But that would only be if the incumbent is unavailable for some reason.

22 lost the only Test they captained in:

Only loss

A number of well-known players are here who had long careers but were not considered as regular captains for various reasons. DB Carr did play in only 2 Tests but this one Test was India’s first-ever victory. Afridi the unpredictable captained his only Test at Lord’s.

Everyone here from Hafeez downwards might captain their teams again (except Watson who as retired from international cricket).

And 16 drew the only Test they captained in:

Only Draw

A sprinkling of well-known players here. Headley should have captained the West Indies earlier but for the long-established principle that only white men could captain the side. Adhikari’s draw made him a hero at that time as India had just lost 3 Tests in a row, all by heavy margins.

As the last such event was in 2001, there is no current player who might captain his side again.

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A small consolation for Steve Smith

During the third SA-Aus Test at Cape Town, SPD Smith perhaps became the first Test captain to be sacked in the middle of a match and told to hand over charge. However, he may draw small consolation from setting a minor fielding record.

These records are as of April 1, 2018. The ICC World XI v Aus Test is not counted.

Most catches in an innings by a captain (5 and above):

Captains-innings fielding

While wicketkeeper captains Latif and Dhoni have taken 6 catches in an innings, Smith equalled the non-keepers record for captains with 5 catches, along with VY Richardson, SP Fleming, GC Smith and DJG Sammy. There are a few non-captain fielders such as Yajurvindra Singh and AM Rahane who have also taken 5 catches in an innings.

We also look at match fielding performances by captains (6 dismissals and above):

Captains-match fielding

While keeper Dhoni has the record of 9 dismissals (in his last Test), SP Fleming has the record of 7 for non-keeper captains. Smith has taken 6 catches in this Test and in one earlier match. In this case Rahane has the record for 8 catches by a non-keeper, though he was not captaining in that Test.

Finally, we look at overall fielding performances by captains (70 dismissals and above):

Captains-overall fielding

While Dhoni has the highest number of dismissals, he is followed by several non-keepers led by GC Smith and SP Fleming who have over a hundred catches. Steve Smith is fairly high up here, sandwiched between MA Taylor and Lara.

 

 

Wicket keepers who captained in ODIs and T20Is

Tim Paine inspired this post https://abn397.wordpress.com/2018/03/31/wicket-keepers-who-captained-in-tests/ which deserves a follow-up for other formats.

Wicket keepers who captained in ODIs:

WK cap-ODI

(This is as on 31 March 2018 and does not include matches involving multinational sides such as World XI, Asia XI and Africa XI).

MS Dhoni is far ahead of anyone else. The runner-up in Tests, Mushfiqur Rahim is somewhat further down here.

As in Tests, there are some “hybrids” who did not keep wickets in all their matches. They include:

KC Sangakkara: kept wickets in all his 45 matches as captain (though he did not keep while captaining in Tests).

AJ Stewart: captained in 41 ODIs, 39 while keeping and 2 when not keeping.

AB de Villiers: captained in 103 ODIs, 30 as keeper and 73 as non-keeper.

LD Chandimal: captained in 7 ODIs but was not keeper in any.

R Dravid: captained in 79 ODIs, 5 as keeper and 74 as non-keeper.

(This list is not exhaustive).

We may see Australia’s new keeper-captain TD Paine here soon. Gilchrist and Healy from Australia are already there.

Now for T20Is:

Wicket keepers who captained in T20Is:

WK-captain (T20I)

(This is as on 31 March 2018 and does not include matches involving multinational sides such as the World XI).

MS Dhoni is again head and shoulders above everyone else. His Test runner-up Mushfiqur Rahim us runner-up here, unlike in ODIs.

A few curiosities:

KC Sangakkara captained in 22 T20Is and was keeper in all of them (unlike in his Test captaincy where he never kept).

AB de Villiers captained in 18 T20Is, 11 as keeper and 7 as non-keeper.

LD Chandimal captained in 26 T20Is, 10 as keeper and 16 as non-keeper.

(This list is not exhaustive).

And Australia’s Paine is set to join his compatriots Gilchrist and Haddin on this list.

 

 

 

Wicket-keepers who captained in Tests

Australia’s Tim Paine became the latest of the relatively few wicket-keepers to have captained in a Test. Here is the full list (as on 31 Mar 2018):

WK-cap

Relatively few keepers have had extended runs as captains. However the top two on this list are current players, even though MS Dhoni retired from Tests a few years ago and from ODIs and T20Is more recently.

There are some like Gilchrist and Boucher who captained only when the regular captain was temporarily available. Some, like DL Murray , had long Test careers but captained their side in precisely one Test. It remains to be seen whether Paine will captain his side after this Test-though Australia does not seem to have much choice at the moment.

New Zealand’s LK Germon appears to be an odd case as he captained his side in all his 12 Tests. He is the only player from an established side to have captained in a Test on his debut in recent years. The last before him was Tony Lewis in 1972. (Obviously we do not count Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh and the returning South Africa).

A few such as AJ Stewart played numerous Tests as keeper and non-keeper. The above list only includes the Tests where he was keeper. He also opened the batting in some of these matches. He captained England a total of 15 times, 12 as keeper and 3 as non-keeper.

Other examples include KC Sangakkara (captained in 15 Tests, never as a keeper), AB de Villiers (captained in 3 Tests, none as keeper), R Dravid (25 Tests, none as keeper) and LD Chandimal (captained in 10 Tests, none as keeper). But they have captained in ODIs and T20Is as keepers. More about these later.

Note that Taibu somehow took one catch as a fielder when he temporarily relinquished his keeping duties.

Test captaincy and non-captaincy records

It is easy enough to get the full figures of Test captains from Statsguru:

Those who captained for 35 or more Tests:

Captains

And it is easy enough to find those who were non-captains in the most Tests:

Those who played 100 or more Tests as non-captains:

Non captains

While Tendulkar, Kallis and Chanderpaul did captain their team in some Tests, there are others (starting with Warne) who never captained at all. We now take a closer look at this category:

Those who played 80 or more Tests without ever captaining their teams:

Zero captains

SK Warne leads here with 144, with JM Anderson and VVS Laxman as runners-up. The highest for other Test teams are:

Sri Lanka-132 (M Muralitharan)

South Africa-101 (M Ntini)

West Indies-98 (CEL Ambrose)

New Zealand-86 (Sir RJ Hadlee)

Pakistan-76 (Mudassar Nazar)

Zimbabwe-67 (GW Flower)

Bangladesh-40 (Javed Omar)

In a few cases (e.g. Warne) they led their country in a few ODIs. Sometimes even that consolation was not there.

At the other end of the spectrum, there are a small number who captained their team in all their Tests. There are various reasons for this-mainly because only amateurs were considered suitable to lead England until Hutton in the 1950s. In the West Indies, the captaincy was restricted to those of European ancestry for the first few decades.

In some cases (notably SA) most players were inexperienced in the early years and there was a rapid turnover of players as well as captains. And there were strange cases like the Maharajdhirajkumar of Vizianagram which Indian cricket fans would know about.

So here is the full list of 24 players who captained their side in all their Tests:

Pure captains

The leader here is the long-forgotten South African Percy Sherwell of the early 20th century:

http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/player/47186.html

Interestingly, he was a wicket keeper-one of the few who played more than a handful of Tests as captain until Dhoni came along.

The only¬† instance of “pure captains” in recent years was LK Germon of NZ in the mid-90s. He was also a wicket keeper. http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/player/37101.html

We also see James Lillywhite jnr of England who captained his side in the first 2 Tests ever played and never played another, CA Smith who played one Test but carved out a career in Hollywood and N Betancourt who seems to be here because at that time (in the West Indies) the captain had to be from the territory where the Test was played.

Tail piece: LK Germon does possess an odd record-he has scored the most runs on debut without scoring a fifty:

Germon record

 

 

 

 

 

The triple clean sweep

The triple clean sweep in all 3 formats of cricket has been recorded once before, when Pakistan visited Australia in 2009-10. Australia won the Tests 3-0, the ODIs 5-0 and the single T20I (admittedly by only 2 runs). You can see the details here:

http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/series/index.html?season=2009%2F10;view=season

The second Test was won by the comparatively narrow margin of 36 runs.

Then came the ODIs:

http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/series/index.html?season=2009%2F10;view=season

The first 4 ODIs were rather one-sided although Australia won the 5th one by 2 wickets.

And finally:

http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/series/index.html?season=2009%2F10;view=season

Australia won this by just 2 runs, making it a 9-0 sweep. Remember that this was in their home country.

Nothing like this was achieved until India visited Sri Lanka in 2017:

Tests 3-0 with Sri Lanka losing by big margins:

http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/series/index.html?season=2017;view=season

ODIs 5-0, all by handsome margins except one win by 3 wickets:

http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/series/index.html?season=2017;view=season

And the T20I by a good margin:

http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/series/index.html?season=2017;view=season

Thus India emulated Australia’s 9-0 triple clean sweep, with somewhat bigger margins of victory. But unlike Australia, they achieved this away from home.

Salute Virat Kohli and his men.

Kohli captained all 9 matches, but faced a bewildering array of captains:

Tests: Herath, Chandimal, Chandimal

ODIs: Tharanga, Tharanga, Kapugedara, Malinga, Tharanga

T20I: Tharanga

In contrast, the Australian captain Ponting faced M. Yousuf in the three Tests and 4 of the 5 ODIs, when Afridi came in for the last one. In the T20I it was Clarke vs Shoaib Malik.

Tail piece:

Earlier, India won a T20I series 3-0 in Australia in early 2016 which was believed to be the only clean sweep by a visiting team in Australia in any format of cricket in a series of at least 3 matches:

https://abn397.wordpress.com/category/australia-t20/

99s in ODI cricket

Inspired by Misbah-ul-Haq’s affinity for 99s, we had a few posts on Test 99s. We now turn our attention to 99s in ODIs.

Following my normal practice, the ODIs involving the ICC XI, Asia XI and Africa XI are not counted.

We start with the complete list of 99s in ODIs:

ODI 99 full

Sachin Tendulkar is the only one with three 99s

Sanath Jayasuriya is the only one with two 99s.

No one else has more than one.

Those who made 99 on ODI debut:

ODI 99 debut

A rather short list. So we may as well list all those who made 90 to 99 on debut:

ODI 90 plus debut

Note that no one other than Morgan and Patil crossed 95 on debut. Stephen Fleming also made 92 on Test debut.

Captains who made 99:

ODI 99 capt

Jayasuriya’s two 99s came when he was captain, while Tendulkar’s relatively short spells of captaincy did not see any of his three 99s.

Next we take up the subset of unbeaten 99s:

ODI 99 NO

While there was only one instance of an unbeaten 99 while chasing a target in Tests (Alec Tudor), there are a few in ODIs. This is the full list of unbeaten 99s in the second innings of an ODI:

ODI 99 NO in 2nd innings

Only Patil ended on the losing side when his team was bowled out (and it was his ODI debut too). The other 6 instances were while chasing a target. In at least one case (that of Sehwag) it was alleged that the bowler deliberately bowled a no-ball to deny the batsman his century. Read more about it here:

http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/match/456663.html

But disciplinary action was taken:

http://www.espncricinfo.com/sl-tri2010/content/story/473077.html

Apart from the bowler Suraj Randiv, another player (Dilshan) was penalized for encouraging him to bowl a no-ball.

These unbeaten 99s do not include any by a captain.

So we extend this list to captains who have made 95 to 99:

ODI 95plus Capt

Both Sohail and Attapattu made 97 not out in successful chases.