Test cricket’s great collapses-2.

We have seen instances where the first wicket put on 100 or more runs. Now we look at collapses after the first two wickets put on 200 or more runs.

Collapse after 200 + for 2

Here we choose the ratio of (runs added after the fall of 2 wickets)/(runs added by the first 2 wickets). The cutoff here is 0.3 or 30%.

This list is in chronological order. You can see that the worst collapse here (#7) was of 12.3% by Pakistan vs Sri Lanka in 2009. They lost by 7 wickets. The second spot is also held by Pakistan (16.3%), this time vs India in 1960. That Test was drawn.

1. Pak vs Ind (1st Test), Mumbai (BS), 02-12-1960.

Pak 350 and 166/4

Ind 449/9 dec

Drawn.

The addition of 16.3% after the second wicket fell is the second worst collapse here.

In the first innings, Pakistan’s 350 included scores of Hanif Mohammad 160, Imtiaz Ahmed 19, Saeed Ahmed 121, RB Desai 3-116, SP Gupte 4-43.

This Test was drawn, and was the first of the 5 generally boring draws in this series. It was only the second 5-draw series, following an earlier series with India visiting Pakistan in 1954-55.

2. Eng vs WI (1st Test), Port of Spain, 02-02-1974.

Eng 131 and 392

WI 392 and 132/3

WI won by 7 wickets.

In the 3rd innings (England’s 2nd) the 392 included scores of G Boycott 93, DL Amiss 174, MH Denness 44,  GS Sobers 3-54, LR Gibbs 6-108.

The 5-Test series was drawn 1-1, after the 5th Test was won by Tony Greig’s hitherto unrecognized off-spin which fetched 13 wickets.

3. NZ vs WI (4th Test), Kingston, 04-05-1985.

WI 363 and 59/0

NZ 138 and (fo) 283

WI won by 10 wickets.

In the 3rd innings (NZ’s 2nd) the 283 included scores of GP Howarth 84, JG Wright 10, JJ Crowe 112, MD Marshall 4-66.

The 4-Test series was won 2-0 by WI.

4. WI vs Eng  (5th Test), St John’s, 12-04-1990.

Eng 260 and 154

WI 446

WI won by an innings and 32 runs.

In the second innings WI’s 446 included scores of  CG Greenidge 149, DL Haynes 167, RB Richardson 34, DE Malcolm 4-126.

This also figured in the list of collapses after 100+ for the first wicket.

The 5-Test series was won 2-1 by WI.

5. Eng vs Pak (4th Test). Leeds, 06-08-1992.

Pak 197 and 221

Eng 320 and 99/4

Eng won by 6 wickets.

In the second innings (England’s first), the 320 included scores by GA Gooch 135, MA Atherton 76, RA Smith 42, Waqar Younis 5-117, Mushtaq Ahmed 3-60.

The 5-Test series was won 2-1 by Pakistan.

6. Pak vs WI (3rd Test), Karachi, 06-12-1997.

WI 216 and 212

Pak 417 and 15/0

Pak won by 10 wickets.

In the second innings (Pakistan’s first), the 417 included scores by Aamer Sohail 160, Ijaz Ahmed 157, Saeed Anwar 15, CA Walsh 4-74, M Dillon 5-111.

This also figured in the list of collapses after 100+ for the first wicket.

The 3-Test series was won 3-0 by Pakistan.

7. Pak vs SL (2nd Test), Colombo (PSS), 12-07-2009.

Pak 90 and 320

SL 240 and 171/3

SL  won by 7 wickets.

This is the worst collapse in this category, with only 12.3% added after the fall of the 2nd wicket.

The 3rd innings (Pakistan’s 2nd) of 320 included scores by Khurram Manzoor 38, Fawad Alam 168, Younis Khan 82, N Kulasekara 4-37, R Herath 5-99.

Fawad Alam was making his Test debut.

The 3-Test series was won 2-0 by Sri Lanka.

8. Ind vs Aus (2nd Test), Hyderabad (Deccan), 02-03-2013.

Aus 237/9 dec and 131

Ind 503.

Ind won by an innings and 135 runs.

The 2nd innings (India) of 503 included scores by  M Vijay 167, V Sehwag 6, CA Pujara 206, XJ Doherty 3-131, GJ Maxwell 4-127.

India won by an innings and 135 runs.

Maxwell was making his debut.

India won the series 4-0.

 

Test cricket’s great collapses-3

We have already seen instances when a collapse occurred after the first wicket put on 100 or more runs, and then collapses after the first two wickets put on 200 or more runs. Now we look at collapses where the first three wickets put on 300 or more runs.

Here, we choose the ratio of (runs added after the fall of 3 wickets)/(runs added by the first 3 wickets). The cutoff here is 0.2 or 20%.

Collapse after 300 for 3

This  list is in chronological order. The worst collapse is by 15.9% for Pakistan against India at Mumbai in 1960. Then there is 16.0 (Eng v WI at Port of Spain, 1974) and 16.1 (WI v Pak at Port of Spain, 1993.

We briefly summarize these 10 Tests below. The detailed scorecards could be seen at www cricinfo com or www cricketarchive com among others.

1. WI v Eng (3rd Test), Georgetown, 21-02-1930.

WI 471 and 290

Eng 145 and 217

WI won by 289 runs.

In the first innings, WI’s 471 was built on the scores of CA Roach 209, EAC Hunte 53, GA Headley 114, MP Fernandes 22. No bowler took more than 2 wickets in this innings.

The 4-Test series was won 1-1, not before the 4th Test was drawn with WI 408/5 facing a target of 836.

2. Eng v Aus (4th Test), Leeds, 22-07-1948.

Eng 496 and 365/8 dec

Aus 458 and 404/3

Aus won by 7 wickets.

In the first innings, Eng’s 496 included scores of L Hutton 81, C Washbrook 143, WJ Edrich 111, AV Bedser 79, with SJE Loxton 3-55.

Bedser, who normally batted at no 9, had his moments as a night-watchman.

This was a famous victory by Australia, being the first time 400 had been scored to win in the 4th innings. This ensured that Australia retained the Ashes, with a 3-0 lead in the 4th Test.

The 5th Test was somewhat of an anti-climax with England 52 and Bradman 0 in his last Test. Australia won the 5-Test series 4-0.

3. Eng v SA (2nd Test), Johannesburg, 27-12-1948.

Eng 608

SA 315 and (fo) 270/2

Drawn.

In the first innings, Eng’s 608 included scores of L Hutton 158, C Washbrook 195, JF Crapp 56, DCS Compton 114, CN McCarthy 3-102, NBF Mann 3-107.

England won the 5-Test series 2-0.

4. Pak vs Ind (1st Test), Mumbai (BS), 02-12-1960.

Pak 350 and 166/4

Ind 449/9 dec

Drawn.

We have met this innings earlier, as an example of a collapse after 200+/2.

Yet again in the first innings, Pakistan’s 350 included scores of Hanif Mohammad 160, Imtiaz Ahmed 19, Saeed Ahmed 121, Mushtaq Mohammad 6, RB Desai 3-116, SP Gupte 4-43.

(At 15.9%, it is the worst collapse in this category).

This Test was drawn, and was the first of the 5 draws in this series. It was only the second 5-draw series, following an earlier series with India visiting Pakistan in 1954-55.

5. Aus v WI (2nd Test), Melbourne, 26-12-1968.

WI 200 and 280

Aus 510

Aus won by an innings and 30 runs.

But their 510 included scores of IR Redpath 7, WM Lawry 205, IM Chappell 165, KD Walters 76, GS Sobers 4-97, LR Gibbs 4-139.

Finally Australia won the 5-Test series 3-1.

6. Aus v Eng (1st Test), Brisbane, 27-11-1970.

Aus 433 and 214

Eng 464 and 39/1

Drawn.

Australia’s 433 included scores of WM Lawry 4, KR Stackpole 207, IM Chappell 59, KD Walters 112, JA Snow 6-114, DL Underwood 3-101.

While this match was drawn, Snow had showed signs of his pace which was to prove decisive in England winning the 7-Test series 2-0. This included one Test at Melbourne which was abandoned and replaced by the first ODI.

7. Eng vs WI (1st Test), Port of Spain, 02-02-1974.

Eng 131 and 392

WI 392 and 132/3

WI won by 7 wickets.

In the 3rd innings (England’s 2nd) the 392 included scores of G Boycott 93, DL Amiss 174, MH Denness 44, FC Hayes 8, GS Sobers 3-54, LR Gibbs 6-108.

This also figured in collapses after 200+ for 2.

The 5-Test series was drawn 1-1, after the 5th Test was won by Tony Greig’s hitherto unrecognized off-spin which fetched 13 wickets.

8. WI vs Pak (1st Test), Port of Spain, 16-04-1993.

WI 127 and 382

Pak 140 and 165

WI won by 204 runs.

The 3rd innings (WI’s 2nd) of 392 included scores of DL Haynes 143* (carried bat), PV Simmons 22, RB Richardson 68, BC Lara 96, Wasim Akram 4-75, Waqar Younis 3-88).

WI still won after this reverse, and went on to win the 3-Test series 2-0.

9. WI vs NZ (1st Test), Hamiliton, 16-12-1999.

WI 365 and 97

NZ 393 and 70/1

NZ won by 9 wickets.

The first innings of 365 included scores of AFG Griffith 114, SL Campbell 170, D Ramnarine 8, S Chanderpaul 14, CL Cairns 3-23, DL Vettori 4-83.

It has also figured in one of the greatest collapses after the first wicket put on over 100 (276 to be precise).

New Zealand won the series 2-0.

10. Eng v WI (1st Test), Lord’s, 22-07-2004.

Eng 568 and 325/5 dec.

WI 416 and 267

Eng won by 210 runs.

The first innings of 568 included scores of ME Trescothick 4, AJ Strauss 137, RWT Key 221, MP Vaughan 103, PT Collins 4-113, DJ Bravo 3-74 on debut.

England went on to win the series 4-0.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Test Cricket: the greatest collapses-1

Putting on a century partnership for the first wicket is difficult. It is particularly frustrating if the rest of the team contributes less than 50% of the opening partnership.

This has happened several times in Tests:

Collapse after century opening partnership

The above list is in chronological order. However the extent of the collapse can be seen from the column “Percent added”.

The worst such collapse was at # 5, where the West Indies plunged from 276 for no loss to 365 all out (when the others contributed 89 runs or 32.2 % of 276).

Naturally they lost. But you can see that some teams recovered enough to draw or even win a Test after such a collapse.

We look at each of the Tests mentioned above:

1): https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17517/scorecard/62663/england-vs-india-2nd-test-india-tour-of-england-1946

Debutant Bedser (7-49 and 4-96) had helped rout India in the first post-war Test in England at Lord’s.

In the second Test at Manchester, things went better for them:

Eng 294 and 153/5 dec

Ind 170 and 152/9.

The 170 included Merchant (78) and Mushtaq Ali (46) putting on 124 for the first wicket. Mushtaq was the first to go, dismissed by debutant R Pollard. The only other batsman to record double figures was the captain Pataudi (11). Bedser finished with 4-41 and Pollard 5-24, who followed him with a five-for on debut.

India was set 278 in three hours. This time Bedser took 7-52 (and thus took 11 wickets in each of his first two Tests) and Pollard 2-63. India reached 138/9 before the last pair of Sohoni  (11* on debut) and Hindlekar (4*) played out 13 minutes to ensure a draw.

This was the first time that a Test was saved by the 10th-wicket pair in the fourth innings.

Finally England won this series 1-0 with two draws.

2): https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/17216/scorecard/63124/new-zealand-vs-australia-3rd-test-australia-tour-of-new-zealand-1973-74

This match was also dramatic but in a different way.

New Zealand had unexpectedly won the 2nd Test and thus led 1-0 going into the third Test:

Aus 221 and 346

NZ 112 and 158

Redpath had carried his bat for 159 in Australia’s second innings.

New Zealand were set 456 for an improbable victory. They started well enough with Turner (72) and JM Parker (34) putting on 107 for the first wicket. Once Parker was dismissed by  Gilmour, only Wadsworth (21) crossed double figures and they were dismissed for 158. Walker led the bowling with 4-39 and Australia won by 297 runs on the third day, drawing the series.

3): https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/16616/scorecard/63529/west-indies-vs-england-5th-test-england-tour-of-west-indies-1989-90

Not quite so dramatic. England had won the first Test of the series (their first win in the West Indies since 1974) and the series was drawn 1-1 going into this final Test.

Eng 260 and 154

WI 446

It was actually England who collapsed, but not in a peculiar manner like the West Indies.

The West Indies started with Greenidge (149) and Haynes (167) who put on 298 before the former was run out. There were more contributions down the line, with Malcolm (4-126) the leading bowler. The remaining wickets contributed 49.7% of the opening partnership, thus meeting our cutoff of 50%. The West Indies duly won by an innings and 32 runs, winning the series 2-1.

4: https://cricketarchive.com/Archive/Scorecards/64/64957.html

As in the previous match, this collapse did not affect the result.

This series confirmed the rapid decline of the West Indies in the latter half of the 1990s. They lost the first two Tests by innings margins. The result of this Test was similar:

WI 216 and 212

Pak 417 and 15/0.

For Pakistan, Aamir Sohail (160) and Ijaz Ahmed (151) opened until the former was dismissed by occasional bowler Chanderpaul on 298. After that Walsh (4-74) and Dillon (5-111) dismissed Pakistan for 417. It did not make much difference, as Pakistan won by 10 wickets and swept the series 3-0. This was the first “whitewash” in a 3-Test series for the West Indies since 1928.

5): https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/15743/scorecard/63868/new-zealand-vs-west-indies-1st-test-west-indies-tour-of-new-zealand-1999-00

The West Indies also figured in this match, the first of a two-Test series.

WI 365 and 97

NZ 393 and 70/1

They started off with AFG Griffith (114) and SL Campbell (170) who had put on 276 when the latter was dismissed by Nash. CL Cairns (3-73) and the upcoming Vettori (4-83) helped dismiss the team for only 89 runs added. In the second innings, they were dismissed for 97, thus completing a sequence of losing 20 wickets for 186.

New Zealand won by 9 wickets and completed the rout by winning the next Test by an innings.

6): https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/15529/scorecard/63941/zimbabwe-vs-west-indies-1st-test-west-indies-tour-of-zimbabwe-2001

The West Indies again, though this was a happier occasion for them at the start of a two-Tests series.

Zim 155 and 228

WI 559/6 dec.

Zimbabwe started the third innings 404 runs behind. The start was promising with DD Ebrahim (71) and ADR Campbell (103) putting on 164. Ebrahim was dismissed by Stuart. The only other batsman to cross double figures was GJ Whittall (10*), as McGarrell (4-38) and Stuart (3-45) dismissed the side for 228 giving the West Indies an innings victory. The second Test was drawn, so the West Indies enjoyed a series victory which was already becoming a rare event for them.

7): https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/18886/scorecard/1157370/australia-vs-pakistan-1st-test-australia-in-uae-2018-19

Here, the team which collapsed was able to scrape through to a draw.

Pak 482 and 181/6 dec

Aus 202 and 362/8.

Facing a large total, Australia started with Khawaja (85) and debutant Finch (62).

Finch was dismissed by Mohammad Abbas (4-29), who shared the wickets with debutant Bilal Asif (6-36). Pakistan did not impose the follow-on, and Australia was able to draw. But Pakistan won the second Test by a large margin and won the series 1-0.

We will also look at collapses after 200+ for 2 and 300+ for 3.