Diamond ducks in Tests

After looking at fast scoring, we look at the lack of scores. Different kinds of ducks and pairs have been enumerated in various posts. We now concentrate on diamond ducks, where a batsman is dismissed without facing a ball. This usually happens when he is run out at the non-striker’s end. Less often, it could be when he is stumped or run out off a wide.

The number of balls faced in a batsman’s innings was not always recorded in the past. These are the undisputed cases of diamond ducks up to Oct 25, 2019:

Diamond duck

The only one to have two of these ducks is CS Martin, sometimes considered as the worst ever batsman in Tests. Ken Rutherford, Umar Gul and Nuwan Pradeep are the only ones to score diamond ducks on debut. Rutherford got a pair, but went on to become a successful batsman. Many years later his son Hamish Rutherford made 171 on debut.

There is no case of a diamond pair. The closest approach to one appears to be that of Taufeeq Umar who scored a pair with innings of 0 and 2 balls, thus scoring 0 in two innings with 2 balls which is the equivalent of a “king pair” or dismissal off the first ball of each innings.

Also note: There have been 152 diamond ducks in ODIs. The last were by AU Rashid and MA Wood, who were the last two batsmen dismissed in the World Cup final between England and New Zealand on July 14, 2019.

There have also been 50 diamond ducks in T20Is.

Queen Pairs in Tests (2018 update)

You have heard of King Pairs or golden pairs. Next there come Queen Pairs or silver pairs, which means that the batsman is dismissed second ball in each innings.

As in the case of King Pairs, caution should be used in using databases such as Statsguru since  scorecards before 2000 do not always mention the balls faced in an innings.

However, the list below has been created for the cases where we definitely know that the batsman was out second ball in both innings. The 19th instance occurred in the Eng v Pak series earlier this year.

Queen Pair

Stuart Broad became the most recent entrant to this group. He was the first to get a golden pair OR a silver pair at Lord’s. The bowler Mohammad Abbas should be told about this distinction.

This list does include recognized batsmen such as OG Smith, Mudassar Nazar, MN Samuels, AB de Villiers and Babar Azam besides others such as AL Mann and SCJ Broad who scored at least one century.

While no batsman has made two golden pairs, GD McGrath has two silver pairs.

Score 500 and lose

From Journalism 101: “When a dog bites a man, it is not news.

When a man bites a dog, it is news”

Similarly: When Bangladesh loses a Test, it is not news.

When Bangladesh scores almost 600 and loses a Test, it is news.

Here is a list of instances where a side scored 500 or more and still lost a Test:

500-and-lose-a

It can be seen that Bangladesh now has the record score in a loss, surpassing the 586 by Australia well over a century ago.

All of these instances came in the first or second innings of the match, except for the 510 by India in 1967. That was in a follow-on, and the Test is remembered partly for Pataudi’s 64 and 148 and more for Boycott being dropped for excessively slow scoring on the way to his Test best of 246*: http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/match/63004.html

We also look at scores of 450 or more in the 3rd and 4th inning in losses:

500-and-lose-b

The highest 3rd-innings score in a loss is 510 as mentioned above. For the 4th innings it is 451 by NZ in 2001-02, which Pakistan just failed to cross earlier this season.

Taking another look at the scorecard of Bangladesh’s recent loss:

http://www.espncricinfo.com/new-zealand-v-bangladesh-2016-17/engine/match/1019985.html

We see that Bangladesh’s innings included 217 by Shakib, which is the highest Test individual score for Bangladesh. The only other double centuries are 206 by Tamim and 200 by Mushfiqur. Incidentally, Shakib is one of the few to score a double century and duck in the same Test (regardless of the result). The highest such score is 245 by Shoaib Malik vs England in 2015-16.

There are, however, many instances of double centuries being scored in innings of sides losing Tests:

200-and-lose

The record continues to be with RT Ponting with 242. Other greats including Lara, Graeme Pollock, Harvey  and Hayden also appear here.

All of these efforts came in the first or second innings except for Astle’s 222 which figured in New Zealand’s 451 mentioned above:

http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/match/63981.html

We also look at individual scores of 175 and above in the 3rd and 4th innings for losing teams:

175-and-lose

The highest such score in the 3rd innings is 199* by Andy Flower. Numerous other well-known players also appear here.

An afterthought-we look at combined scores in both innings by a batsman in a losing side:

match-total-in-lost-test

Although there are numerous instances of centuries in both innings of a lost Test, Lara is the only one to make a double century and a century. Andy Flower just missed it with his 142 and 199*. Also note Ponting’s 242 and 0.

 

 

 

Pairs with 4, 5 and 6 balls in each innings (2018 update)

After covering the King, Queen and Jack pairs (alternatively golden, silver and bronze pairs) we also take up the cases of pairs with 4 or 5 or 6 balls in each innings. They are somewhat less numerous. For instance, there is only one clear case of a pair with 5 balls.

4-5-6 ball pairs

You can look back to my earlier posts for the other types of pairs mentioned above.

The Jack Pair (or Bronze Pair) in Test matches (2018 update)

We have already covered King Pairs and Queen Pairs (also called Golden Pairs and Silver Pairs) in Test cricket. There are 20 cases of King Pairs and 19 cases of Queen Pairs as on 30 June 2018.

The Jack Pair, as you should have guessed, involves being dismissed for a 3-ball duck in both innings. There are only 7 cases in Tests:

Jack Pair

Vettori, Griffith and Powell were recognized batsmen.

Bronze ducks in Tests are relatively rare. These players made the most:

bronze-duck-1

Interestingly, the Bracewell family has a strong affinity for bronze ducks:

bronze-duck-family

JG Bracewell was a bowling all-rounder who scored a Test century.

I am not sure what you would call pairs involving 4, 5 and 6 ball ducks. But they are known to exist in Tests. More about them later.