Best innings bowling against India

After India’s first innings in the 2nd Test against New Zealand, a number of records have to be rewritten. Here we look at the best innings bowling against India by all teams in Tests.

(This covers all instances of 7 or more wickets in an innings):

Bombay-born Ajaz Patel now has:

Best figures by any team against India. The previous record was 9-95 by JM Noreiga of WI, in what was India’s first Test victory against WI.

Best figures by NZ against India. The previous record was 7-23 by Sir Richard Hadlee at Wellington in 1976. In India, the previous record was 7-64 by Patel’s teammate TG Southee at Bengaluru in 2012.

Best figures by any team against India in India. The previous record was 8-50 by NM Lyon (Aus) at Bengaluru in 2017.

We now look at the best bowling figures by New Zealand against all teams in Tests.

Ajaz Patel’s 10-119 was the best by any NZ bowler, surpassing the 9-52 by Sir Richard Hadlee against Australia at Brisbane in 1985. This also makes Patel’s haul the best for NZ away from home.

The best figures for NZ at home remain with Sir Richard, with his 7-23 against India at Wellington in 1976.

After the Test is over, we will have a look at match bowling records.

For the moment, we note that the best match figures against India are 13-106 by IT Botham (also at Wankhede) in 1980. And the best match figures by New Zealand are 15-123 by Sir Richard Hadlee against Australia at Brisbane in 1985.

Indian-origin cricketers who played for New Zealand

It was interesting to see New Zealand saving a Test against India with the last-wicket pair being of Indian origin. While AY Patel was born in Bombay in 1988, R Ravindra was born in New Zealand in 1999. There are a few others with Indian-sounding names who were born in New Zealand.

Here we attempt to enumerate the members of 2 categories


1. Born in India (including pre-partition India):

FT Badcock (Abbottabad, 1897)-presumably British-7 Tests

AY Patel (Bombay, 1988)-10

N Puna (Surat, 1929)-3

JA Raval (Gujarat, 1988)-24

IS Sodhi (Ludhiana, 1992)-17

2. Indian-sounding name, not born in India:

DN Patel (Kenya, 1958)-37

JS Patel (New Zealand, 1980)-24

R Ravindra (New Zealand, 1999)-1

Those of Gujarati origin just outnumber the others. Badcock, Sodhi and Ravindra are the exceptions.

Among these players, it was Nairobi-born Dipak Patel who played the most Tests for New Zealand. He was a member of the 99 Club, and finished with 1200 runs and 75 wickets. Next are JA Raval and JS Patel who played 24 Tests each.

https://www.espncricinfo.com/player/dipak-patel-38118

Those who scored the most Test centuries

The Test season gets under way with Sri Lanka hosting the West Indies at Galle from Nov 21. There are also series between India/New Zealand and Bangladesh/Pakistan coming up, not to forget the Ashes starting in December.

Here we look at a summary of the centuries made by the highest century-makers, with a breakup across innings:

Note that this does not include the ICC XI vs Aus Test in 2005, which means that ML Hayden’s century in that Test is not counted.

As we will see, a closer look at the centuries in the different innings reveal some odd facts. From the sample above we can see that Steve Waugh and Steve Smith have the most centuries without ever making one in the fourth innings. And can you guess which current player has the distinction of making all his 6 centuries in the first innings? More to come in the next few days.

Mallett, Davidson and India

Australia lost two of its Test stalwarts on successive days; Ashley Mallett on Oct 29 and Alan Davidson on the 30th.

While Mallett was somewhat overshadowed by the Australian fast bowlers of his time, he often played an useful role as the sole spinner.

He did well bowling against India, as you can see here:

https://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/player/6472.html?class=1;template=results;type=bowling

His bowling average against India was his best against all Test countries. He only played one series against India, in 1969-70. He took 28 wickets including his only 10-for in the last Test at Madras, which gave Australia a 3-1 win. Indian fans of that period remember it more for Viswanath’s debut and numerous crowd disturbances.

Davidson is better-known for being the first to score over a 100 runs and take a 10-for in the same Test. This was at the Tied Test at Brisbane:

https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/west-indies-tour-of-australia-1960-61-61907/australia-vs-west-indies-1st-test-62888/full-scorecard

In later years this was overshadowed by the feats of Botham, Imran and Shakib who scored centuries along with 10-fors. No one else has emulated Davidson.

He did not do too well as a batsman against India: https://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/player/4902.html?class=1;template=results;type=batting

But did somewhat better as a bowler:

https://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/player/4902.html?class=1;template=results;type=bowling

His bowling average against India was his best against all Test countries. His best innings figures (7-93) and match figures (12-124) were also against India.

This was at Kanpur in 1959-60, which marked India’s first win against Australia:

https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/australia-tour-of-india-1959-60-61422/india-vs-australia-2nd-test-62869/full-scorecard

Australia batted first, took a first-innings lead, and lost. An Australian left-arm pace bowler took 12 wickets.

20 years passed. 7 Tests were played at Kanpur and all were drawn (including the one against Australia in 1969-70).

In 1979-80, a weakened Australian team toured India.

The story was the same as in 1959-60:

Australia batted first, took a first-innings lead, and lost. An Australian left-arm pace bowler took 12 wickets.

The only difference was that the bowler was Dymock instead of Davidson:

https://www.espncricinfo.com/series/australia-tour-of-india-1979-80-61434/india-vs-australia-3rd-test-63243/full-scorecard

Like Davidson, Dymock took 5 wickets in the first innings and 7 in the second.

Unlike in 1959 when Jasu Patel took 14 wickets, here the spoils were shared by Kapil, Ghavri and Shivlal Yadav.

But these two Tests at Kanpur had a remarkable number of similarities, more than those of the two Australia-England Tests of 1877 and 1977.

India vs England at the Oval

The 4th and 5th Tests are scheduled for the Oval (Sep 2-6) and Manchester (Sep 10-14). India does not have a particularly good record at these venues, having won only one Test at the Oval and none at Manchester.

Results of all England-India Tests at the Oval:

England lead 5-1 with 7 draws. India’s only victory was the historic first victory in England in 1971.

Note the 5 successive draws from 1979 to 2007 and 3 successive losses from 2011 to 2018. It appears that the Oval is not as much of a batting paradise it was in the 70s until recent years.

Most runs (250 and above) at the Oval:

Root is the only current player here. Will be become the first to score centuries in 4 successive matches in a series?

Highest scores (all centuries) at the Oval:

The last Test in 2018 saw centuries from Root, Rahul, Pant and the now-retired Cook. And Gavaskar’s 221 came close to bringing an improbable win for India.

Most wickets (8 and above) at the Oval:

Anderson, Broad and even Ishant Sharma have done well here. Chandrasekhar played only one Test here.

Best innings bowling at the Oval (including all 5wi):

No current player here (as Jordan does not play Tests now).

Best match bowling at the Oval (including all 8wm):

Again, nothing from current players. It is interesting that Jordan was making his debut.

Most dismissals at the Oval:

Bairstow and Pant among current players. Bairstow and Cook have the most dismissals. Remember that Cook was a non-keeper.

All-round performances at the Oval:

No instances of 50+ and 5wi in the same match.

Review of WI-Pakistan Test series.

After this Test series was drawn 1-1:

A total of 54 Tests have been played between these countries. Pakistan lead 21-18 with 15 draws.

In the West Indies: Of 28 Tests, WI lead Pakistan 13-8 with 7 draws.

In Pakistan: Of 21 Tests, Pakistan lead 9-4 with 8 draws.

In neutral venues: Of 5 Tests, Pakistan lead 4-1 with 0 draws.

Babar Azam has captained Pakistan in 6 Tests, with 5 wins and 1 loss.

Most runs: 1214 by Mohammad Yousuf. From recent players, 951 by Azhar Ali.

Highest innings: 365* by Gary Sobers in 1957-58. In recent years 302* by Azhar Ali in 2016-2017

Highest batting average: 57.43 by Wasim Raja. From recent players, 50.05 by Azhar Ali.

Most wickets: 80 by Imran Khan. From recent players, 46 by Yasir Shah.

Best innings bowling: 8-29 by Colin Croft in 1976-77

In recent years 8-49 by D Bishoo in 2016-17

Best match bowling: 12-100 by Fazal Mahmood in 1958-59

In recent years 10-94 by SS Afridi in 2021.

Best bowling average: 19.56 by Colin Croft

Best economy rate: 2.05 by Lance Gibbs

Best strike rate: 39.6 by Waqar Younis

Most dismissals: 29 by Franz Alexander

Most by non-keeper: 23 by Vivian Richards and Younis Khan.

Highest dismissal rate 0.821 by Younis Khan.

(No regular keeper had played the cutoff of 20 innings fielded)

Match all-round performance: 121 & 56, 5-28 & 3-69 by Mushtaq Mohammad in 1976-77.

India vs England at Lord’s

India’s record at Lord’s is not as good as it is at Nottingham.

Of the 18 Tests played there since 1932, England lead 12-2 with 4 draws.

India won only in 1986 and 2014. In 2014, that was the only Test which they won.

Record of all the results:

This also includes freakish results such as India ‘s 42 all out in 1974, which was their lowest Test score until recently.

India’s performance in their very first Test in 1932 was better than in several of the subsequent Tests at Lord’s.

Highest innings (including all centuries) at this venue:

Here we have the highest score for England against India, as well as the first instance in first-class cricket of a triple century and century in the same test (see Gooch’s 123 in the middle of the above list). Mankad’s 184 remains the highest for India here almost 70 years later.

DB Vengsarkar is the only visiting batsman to score three successive centuries at Lord’s. SC Ganguly’s century was the highest score by anyone making his Test debut here until 2021, when D Conway made 200 for NZ.

Agarkar made his only Test century here. His next highest score was 41. Even so, he succeeded in scoring a century at Lord’s which neither Gavaskar nor Tendulkar could achieve. In fact, Tendulkar did not cross 50 either.

Best innings bowling at this venue (Minimum 5wi):

Bedser’s 7-49 came on his debut. Soon he became the only one to take two successive 11-wicket hauls in his first two Tests. Ishant Sharma recorded India’s best figures in 2014. Further down there is Mankad’s 5-196 to accompany his 184 and 72. CM Old’s 5-21 in 1974 contributed to India’s 42 all out. M Nissar’s 5-93 came on his (and India’s) first Test.

Best match bowling at this venue (Minimum 8wm):

Bedser and Allen lead here, while Kapil Dev has the best for India.

Best innings fielding at this venue (Minimum 4 dismissals):

JT Murray’s 6 dismissals were then a share in the world record for an innings.

Best match fielding at this venue (Minimum 6 dismissals):

However, no one has taken more than 6 dismissals in a match.

All-round performances (50+ and 5wi):

The best performances here are Mankad’s (1952) and and Kapil (1982).

Mankad and Botham are the only players from any country to score 100/5wi at Lord’s.

Note the unheralded B Kumar’s feat in 2014.

After this Test we will look at the additions (if any) to the Indian players on the various Honours Boards at Lord’s. There were no entries in 2018.

After the WTC Final

This is what the final table of the WTC looked like. Note that the recent WI-SA series was also part of the WTC. Clearly these teams were not anywhere near the top 2:

We also look at the ICC ranking tables on June 24:

Here NZ is just ahead of India. There are some differences in the lower rankings.

It may happen that Zimbabwe (or even Afghanistan) will take Bangladesh’s place in the next cycle.

A quick look at the main statistical highlights of the WTC Tests (Remember that they started in 2019):

Most runs (750 or more):

Strangely the first few positions are from those whose teams did not reach the final. Rahane and R Sharma are in 5th and 6th place.

Highest scores (150 or more):

Kohli and Williamson are in 3rd and 4th place.

Highest batting averages (Min 20 innings, 25.00):

Again, the best from India and NZ is in 6th place (Rahane), followed by MA Agarwal and Kohli. Pujara’s decline is clear.

Williamson is not here is he batted in less than 20 innings.

Most wickets (20 or more):

Ashwin has the most wickets, followed closely by Australia’s Cummins and England’s Broad. Southee and Jamieson have the most from NZ.

We can also see that Ashwin, Lyon and AR Patel each took 4 five-fors, and that Broad, Lyon, Jamieson, Embuldeniya and AR Patel each took a ten-for.

Best innings bowling (includes all 6wi or more):

Along with the lesser-known Embuldeniya, Ashwin also took a 7-for. There are startling figures of 5-7 by Bumrah, 5-8 by Hazlewood and Root (!) which were both against India.

Best match bowling (includes all 9wm or more):

AR Patel has the best figures here followed by Jamieson and the newcomer Jayawickrama. Ishant Sharma and Ashwin are also here.

Bowling average (Min 2000 balls, all instances):

Broad and Ashwin have the first two places here.

For economy rate, it is Hazlewood and Ashwin.

For strike rate, it is Broad and Southee.

Jamieson does not appear here as he has not bowled enough in the WTC matches.

Most dismissals (15 and above):

Watling bowed out in 4th place. Pant has the next highest. He also took the most stumpings (6). Root has the most catches by a fielder (34).

Most dismissals in an innings (5 or more):

de Kock is the only one with 6 catches, and Stokes and Thirimanne the only fielders with 5.

Most dismissals in a match (7 or more):

Paine and de Kock dominate here. No fielder has taken more than 6 catches.

Best dismissal rate (Min 20 innings, 0.65):

Paine and Watling lead. SPD Smith and Root have the most by fielders.

Overall all-round performance (see criteria in table):

Jadeja and Stokes (with Holder a distant third) did the best here. But there is no one from NZ.

Match all-round performances (fifty plus 5wi):

The best performances here are by Ashwin (100/5wi) and Broad (50/10wm).

Player of the series? Perhaps Williamson. He did not make the most runs, but how he made them was more important (notably in the final):

Summary of England-New Zealand Tests-2021-Pt 2

Hope that you have read Pt 1

Bowling figures:

40 or more wickets:

Sir Richard leads by a large margin, while current players Broad and Anderson are 2nd and 4th. The current trio of Southee, Boult and Wagner are also here.

Most 5wi: 8 by Hadlee, 6 each by Botham and Underwood.

Most 10wm: 3 by Underwood, 2 by Hadlee and Lock.

Best innings bowling, including all cases of 7wi and better:

None from recent years, although Anderson and Broad are here.

Best match bowling, including all cases of 10wm and better:

Again, none from recent years. Southee appears once.

Best bowling average, minimum 2000 balls and below 30.00

We can see that the best bowling average is 12.20 by Underwood. Next is Willis.

The best economy rate is 1.66 by Underwood. Next is Illingworth.

And the best strike rate is 49.3 by Underwood yet again. Next is Caddick.

The best average among current players is by Boult, followed by Broad, Anderson and Wagner.

Fielding records:

Most dismissals (20 and above):

Parore and Bob Taylor have the highest number of dismissals. Watling is in 4th place. The most dismissals by a non-keeper is 33 by Fleming. The most stumpings is 6 by Evans.

Most dismissals in an innings (5 and above):

The most recent 5-for is by Bairstow in 2018. Some non-keepers have taken 4 catches.

Most dismissals in a match (6 and above):

Here we have TA Blundell sharing the top position with 8 catches during this series. The last instance of a 6-for was by Bairstow in 2018. Lamb and Cook have taken 6 catches as non-keepers.

Highest dismissal rate (minimum 20 innings, 0.750):

IDS Smith leads with 1.826, while the best for England is Bob Taylor’s 1.666.

Watling has the best rate among current players. Ross Taylor has the best rate among current non-keepers.

All-round overall performances (see criteria in table):

50 and 5wi in match:

Southee (in 2008) was one of the few to do this double on debut.

There are a number of 100/5wi as well as 50/10wm.

Botham appears here 3 times, with 2 instances of 100/5wi.

The unheralded DJ Mash was the first to score a fifty and take 10 wickets in a Test at Lord’s. The only other to do so was MM Ali against SA in 2017.

Elgar’s unusual record

South Africa’s 3-day rout of West Indies included an obscure record for captain Dean Elgar.

He is one of the few captains who won a Test without scoring a run, taking a wicket or a fielding dismissal. Here is the complete list of captains who achieved this:

Note that Babar Azam did the same earlier this year.

There are some famous names here (including Bradman in his last Test in 1948).

No Indian captain here, although Clive Lloyd did this against India in 1976. That was the Test famous for the bouncer barrage and India being 97 all out with 5 batsmen unable to bat due to various injuries.

Meanwhile, here is the short list of Indian players whose side won a Test without any contribution by them:

Ishant Sharma achieved this earlier in the year. There is also Pujara with one of his rare ducks.

Also note 3 separate players in the test against NZ at Chennai in 1955-56, which is remembered for the long-standing opening record of 413 by Vinoo Mankad and Pankaj Roy.

TAIL PIECE: If you have any connection with Maharashtra, you can create memes about the Elgar Parishad.

Captains in one Test-May 2021

There are as many as 45 Test captains who were captain in exactly one Test:

From this we come to

Captains who won their only Test:

Only 10 of the 40, the most recent being Mashrafe Mortaza. Even in his case, he was injured soon after the match started and Shakib Al Hasan was the effective captain. This was Bangladesh’s first Test win abroad, though it was against what was virtually a 3rd XI of the West Indies.

Shastri is the only such captain from India. Perhaps India’s performance in the late 80s may have been better if he had captained.

CA Smith was playing in his only Test. Later he was better known as a Hollywood actor.

Captains who lost their only Test:

Not surprisingly, the 19 members here are almost twice the number of those who won their only Test. The latest was Ben Stokes, who was substituting for Joe Root.

India has two prominent players in Borde and Pankaj Roy.

DB Carr played only in 2 Tests overall. This loss was India’s first win in any Test, which oddly enough coincided with the death of King George VI. The captain appointed for that series was the equally undistinguished ND Howard who played his only 4 Tests in that series.

AR Richards, JH Anderson and N Betancourt were playing in their only Tests.

Captains who drew their only Test:

The most recent was BA Murphy in 2001. From India there is HR Adhikari. Prominent players here include DL Murray, G Kirsten, RR Lindwall and TW Graveney.

Taberer was playing his only Test.

They never saw draws in Tests

As many as 118 Test players played in 5 or more matches and never saw a draw. These are the top few:

This list is headed by a current player Aiden Markram:

https://www.espncricinfo.com/player/aiden-markram-600498

Next is the 19th-century player GA Lohmann (18), England’s leading pace bowler of that time.

Then there is the near-current player KK Jennings (17) who has some chance of playing again, along with Alok Kapali with his record 17 losses. Baptiste with his 10 wins is further down.

From India there is a current player HH Pandya (11).

Other current players include SO Hetmyer (16), Hasan Ali (13), KM Jarvis (13) and TA Blundell (10).

Of course, Markram will lose his status once he plays in a drawn Test, which means that the record will go back to the venerable George Lohmann.

South Africa last had a draw in March 2017. This was followed by 34 Tests with results. Thus a number of junior Test players from there have 5 or more Tests without a draw. This applies to most of the current team.