There are some stations whose names have changed twice in the last few years.
We start with Karnataka, where we have:
And the better known:
Over to Uttar Pradesh:
Given a chance, there will be many more in the future.
Going a little further back:
Olavakkot Jn -> Palghat Jn -> Palakkad Jn
Palghat Town -> Palakkad Town
Or this trio from Vidarbha:
Wardha East Jn -> Sewagram Jn
Sewagram -> Varud
Paunar -> Seloo Road
Sanganer -> Sanganer Jn -> Getor Jagatpura
Sanganer Town -> Sanganer Town Jn -> Sanganer
(And these two locations are more than 10 km apart)