Summing up of results of captaincies

For Tests up to 04 Dec 2019:

WINNING ALL THEIR TESTS:

A Bacher (4)

Lord Hawke (4)

LOSING ALL THEIR TESTS:

Khaled Mashud (12)

Khaled Mahmud (9)

DRAWING ALL THEIR TESTS:

K Srikkanth (4)

Majid Khan (3)

Saeed Ahmed (3)

NEVER WINNING A TEST:

Mohammad Ashraful (13)

IT Botham (12)

Khaled Mashud (12)

NEVER LOSING A TEST:

WW Armstrong (10)

DB Close (7)

FG Mann (7)

NEVER DRAWING A TEST:

Waqar Younis (17)

Shakib Al Hasan (14)

Captains who lost everything and never lost anything

Here we look at other aspects of the performances of Test captains. We had started with those who won all their Tests and those who never lost any. Now we look at their converses:

Captains who lost all their Tests:

All losses

As one may guess, the first two (both with the first name Khaled) were from Bangladesh and lost all their 12 and 9 Tests respectively. Next is WI’s KC Brathwaite who lost all his 5 Tests and India’s DK Gaekwad (4)

There are a total of 38 captains who lost all their Tests, but the above includes only the 21 who lost all their Tests from 2 onward.  Recent additions are Mominul Haque with 2 and WTS Porterfield with 3.

Then there were the

Captains who never lost any Test:

Never lost

There are actually 50 such cases, but we consider only the 24 cases for 2 or more Tests shown above.

At the top is Warwick Armstrong (8 wins and 2 draws)  Brian Close (6 wins and 1 draw) and FG Mann (2 wins and 5 draws). From India there is Srikkanth (4 draws in a single series). In recent years there is AM Rahane (2 wins).

Test captaincy updates-3

Coming back to records up to 3 Dec 2019:

A total of 334 players have captained in Tests. Here are those who have captained in the most, along with their win/loss/draw records:

Captain in most Tests-Dec 2019

Kohli is now 12th on this list, somewhat ahead of Root and Steve Smith. He needs 8 more Tests to overtake Dhoni (besides other recent captains such as Cook and Misbah).

Some simple parameters for ranking include the percentage of wins and the win/loss ratio.

We consider these for the 157 who were captains in at least 10 Tests.

Ranked by percentage of wins:

Captains with highest win percentage-Dec 2019

Headed by Australia’s “Big Ship” Warwick Armstrong, who led the team to successive 5-0 and 3-0 Ashes wins after the Great War. Virat Kohli is 4th, after Steve Waugh and Don Bradman. Other current or near-current captains here are Kane Williamson (#12), Faf du Plessis (#18), SPD Smith (#19) and Joe Root (#30). The next from India is Dhoni (#40) and 45.00%.

At  the very bottom are M Ashraful (13 Tests and no wins) along with Ian Botham (!) and Khaled Mashud (12 Tests and no wins). Just above them are SA’s Alan Melville and Zimbabwe’s Tatenda Taibu (10 winless Tests).

We can also look at the ranking by Win-Loss Ratio for the same set of 157 captains:

Captains with highest Win-loss ratio-Dec 2019

Note that Armstrong has 8 wins and 2 draws with no losses, and thus has an undefined win-loss ratio. Everyone else with at least 10 Tests has at least one loss, starting with the second-ranked Douglas Jardine (born in Bombay).

Kohli is 9th here, ahead of all other contemporaries. Next is Williamson (#18), GC Smith (#33) and SPD Smith (#35). The next from India is Ganguly (#42) and 1.62

At  the bottom are the same quintet listed above, with Ashraful logically at the bottom with 0 wins in 13 Tests followed by Botham and the others.

Among those who captained in less than 10 Tests, a notable performance was that of England’s Brian Close (7 Tests, 6 wins and 1 draw).

 

 

 

Captains in only one Test (updated Jan 2020)

There are a total of 44 captains who led their Test teams only once. This is for data up to Jan 31, 2020 at the end of the Zimbabwe-Sri Lanka series.

In many cases they happened to captain the side when the regular captain was unavailable due to injury or illness (or other reasons, as in 2018). In the earlier years some teams such as South Africa were not quite settled and had to frequently make changes. And West Indies in the early years had an informal rule that the captain for a particular Test had to be from the country where it was being played.

Some won, some lost and others drew.

Those who won:

Only win

Prominent stand-in captains include Bill Brown, Neil Harvey and Ravi Shastri. Shastri was fortunate to have Hirwani making his debut. CA Smith played his only Test and went on to make a career in Hollywood.

Mortaza was particularly lucky as he was injured for most of the match while Shakib deputised for him in Bangladesh’s second Test win and the first away from home. That was against what can best be called a West Indies C team, as those from the A and B Test teams boycotted the series.

Those who lost:

Only Loss

 

DB Carr is remembered by Indian cricket historians as that loss in 1952 corresponded to India’s first victory. He was a stand-in for ND Howard.

Tom Latham became the latest 1-Test captain in 2020. He stood in for KS Williamson.

Prominent stand-in captains include Pankaj Roy and Chandu Borde (whose teams were “whitewashed”), John Edrich, Gordon Greenidge, Dwayne Bravo, Mohammad Hafeez and Shane Watson.

And Shahid Afridi impulsively decided to stop playing Tests after this loss. That was one of the few neutral Tests at Lord’s. He was replaced by Salman Butt, and we know how that turned out.

N Betancourt captained because of the prevalent West Indies practice of having the captain from the territory where the Test was being played.

Those who drew:

Only Draw

Prominent stand-ins include George Headley, Ray Lindwall, Tom Graveney, Deryck Murray and Gary Kirsten.

Headley should have captained the West Indies earlier but for the long-established principle that only those of European ancestry could captain the side.

Hemu Adhikari was thought to have done a good job as his team had lost the last three Tests by heavy margins. He was India’s 4th captain in the final match of a 5-Test series.

Also note the five who captained in their only Tests: CA Smith (Eng), AR Richards (SA), JH Anderson (SA), N Betancourt (WI), HM Taberer (SA).

 

Test Captaincy Updates-2

Continuing from Part 1:https://abn397.wordpress.com/2019/12/12/test-captaincy-updates-1/

We have seen which players have appeared in the most Tests, captained in the most Tests and have played in the most Tests while not captaining.

Now we look at those who 1) played their entire Test career as captains, and 2) played their entire Test careers NOT as captains.

The first list is relatively short:

Pure captains

Only 25 cases here. The top few are less-known except for LK Germon who was captain relatively recently. He was brought in as captain as the selectors felt that no other suitable captain could be found among the existing players. Sherwell and Germon were both wicketkeepers.

Tail piece: LK Germon does possess an odd record-he has scored the most runs on debut without scoring a fifty; 48 + 41 = 89.

We also see James Lillywhite jnr of England who captained his side in the first 2 Tests ever played and never played another,

In some cases certain players were appointed captains as they were amateurs rather than professionals, or if they were from the “nobility” as in the case of “Vizzy” and his British counterparts. In the early days of West Indies cricket, the captain was chosen from the players of the territory where the match was being played.

But clearly the players listed above were not good enough to stay in the team if their presence as captains was not essential. Vizzy, for example, was clearly not competent enough either as a batsman or captain.

More recently, WTS Porterfield captained Ireland in their first 3 Tests.

It is also interesting to note that the last 5 players made only a single Test appearance, in which they captained. The best known was CA Smith, later known as Sir Audrey Smith of Hollywood where he typically played roles of elderly Englishmen.

Now we go on to those who never captained in Tests.

There are over 1500 who played 5 or more Tests without ever being captains. Here we list

Those who played 85 or more Tests without ever captaining:

Pure non captains

England’s current players Anderson and Broad are in the first and third places, Anderson having crossed Warne’s mark of 144 recently. The national record holders would therefore include Anderson (149 for England), Warne (144 for Australia), VVS Laxman (134 for India), Muralitharan (132 for Sri Lanka), Ntini (101 for South Africa), CEL Ambrose (98 for WI) and Sir Richard Hadlee (86 for New Zealand). Further down there is Mudassar Nazar with 76 for Pakistan, GW Flower (67 for Zimbabwe) and Javed Omar (40 for Bangladesh).

There may be various reasons why they were never considered suitable for captaincy. However, Warne did captain Australia in a few ODIs. The knowledgeable feel that he may have been a better captain than some of his contemporaries.

 

Best performances by losing captains-1

The 1st Test between England and India saw England winning, though Virat Kohli’s 149 and 51 attracted attention more as it was almost a solo performance. Let us see that best batting performances by captains whose side lost.

Best innings scores (140 and above):

Captains losing-innings scores

Only one double century here. Remember that this is only for captains, so there are higher scores like Lara’s 221 (when not captain) which do not appear here.

Tendulkar and Kohli (in Jan 2018) have scored more than Kohli’s 149 here. Pataudi and Kohli (yet again, this time from 2014) appear further down. Cook and Mushfiqur are other current players here.

Now for Best match totals (190 and above):

Captains losing-match scores

Here, Kohli has the highest among all losing captains with 256 in 2014. His 200 in this match is in third place for India, with Pataudi in second place. Cook also appears here.

Next we will look at the best bowling, fielding and all-round performances by losing captains. A number of current players figure in these.

 

Wicket-keepers who captained in Tests (Revised in Jan 2020)

Australia’s Tim Paine became the latest of the relatively few wicket-keepers to have captained in a Test. Here is the full list (as on 06 Jan 2020):

WK captains by matches played

Relatively few keepers have had extended runs as captains. However the top three on this list are current players, even though MS Dhoni retired from Tests a few years ago and from the captaincy of ODIs and T20Is more recently.

There are some like Gilchrist, Boucher and Jacobs who captained only when the regular captain was temporarily unavailable. Some, like DL Murray and IDS Smith, had long Test careers but captained their side in precisely one Test.

The only current WK-captain is TD Paine (19). Sarfaraz Ahmed (13) was replaced after his last Test as captain in January 2019.

It remains to be seen how long Paine continues as captain. But he should be around for a few more Tests.

Dhoni has the most dismissals, followed by Paine and Alexander at a long distance.

Dhoni has the most stumpings (24) and is followed by PM Sherwell with 16.

Lee Germon is a special case as he captained his side in all his 12 Tests. He is the only player from an established side to have captained in a Test on his debut in recent years. The last before him was Tony Lewis in 1972. (Obviously we do not count Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh, Ireland, Afghanistan and the returning South Africa).

Germon is second on the list of those who captained their side in all their Tests. The leader was also a keeper:

Long ago PM Sherwell led South Africa in all his 13 Tests, a record for all countries. He was keeper in all these 13 Tests.

A few such as AJ Stewart played numerous Tests as keeper and non-keeper. The above list only includes the Tests where he was keeper. He also opened the batting in some of these matches. He captained England a total of 15 times, 12 as keeper and 3 as non-keeper. BB McCullum captained New Zealand 31 times, but was keeper in only 1 of them.

Other examples include KC Sangakkara (captained in 15 Tests, never as a keeper), AB de Villiers (captained in 3 Tests, none as keeper), R Dravid (25 Tests, none as keeper) and LD Chandimal (captained in 10 Tests, none as keeper). But they have captained in ODIs and T20Is as keepers.

Note that Taibu somehow took one catch as a fielder when he temporarily relinquished his keeping duties. He has also bowled and taken a wicket while a designated keeper.

Here we summarize the batting performance of these captains. The batting average is for those who batted for 20 innings:

WK captains by batting average

The highest batting average for long-term captains is Andy Flower’s 49.28, followed by Mushfiqur and Dhoni in the low 40s. Paine and Sarfaraz are in the middle, while Moin Khan did not play enough to reach 20 innings.

Note the double centuries by Mushfiqur and Dhoni.

The dismissal rate, for those who fielded in at least 20 innings:

WK captains by fielding average

While Sarfaraz is no longer captain, his dismissal rate as captain is second only to that of Paine’s. But he has been dropped altogether from the team. Moin Khan and Mushfiqur are at the bottom, while Dhoni is in the middle.

Flower is the only one here who never made a stumping, while Dhoni has the most.

And finally we look at their performance as captains, considering the win/loss ratio. This is for those keepers who captained for at least 10 Tests:

WK captains by win loss ratio

Interesting. We saw that Moin Khan performed worst as a keeper, but he did best as a captain. Similarly for FCM Alexander who did not do too well as a batsman. Next are Paine and Dhoni.

Taibu and Khaled Mashud failed to win a Test as captain, while Germon and Flower were just ahead with one Test win apiece.