Records up to May 15, 2021 (after Zim-Pak series).
Overall records (see criteria below):
Imra, Sobers and Pollock lead here. Most would be called genuine all-rounders (during their tenure as captain) except for the last 3.
Kapil and L Amarnath represent India. Shakib and JO Holder are the current players, though they are not likely to captain in future.
Match performances (50 and 5wi):
This is in chronological order.
The only double century (219) here is by the long-forgotten DS Atkinson. That was in the context of a match-saving 7th-wicket partnership of 347 with CC Depeiaza.
There is another 150+ score by Sobers in 1966.
There are several others with a century and 5wi, led by Imran with a century and 11 wickets. Even Border has a fifty and 11 wickets with his occasional bowling. More recently Rashid Khan made a fifty and took 11 wickets for Afghanistan.
Continuing the study of how Test captains have performed in the bowling field.
There are relatively few bowlers who have been long-term captains. And several of them could better be classified as all-rounders.
Most wickets-25 and above:
A significant number have taken more than 100 wickets as captain. And most have been all-rounders. The highest number of wickets by a “pure” bowler is 106 by Bedi followed by 85 by Walsh. Kapil did only slightly better with 111.
Holder and Shakib lead among current players.
Most 5wi (2 and above):
As in the first table, Imran leads. Bedi has the most for India (8). Holder (7) and Shakib (4) lead among current players.
Most 10wm (all instances):
Imran and Intikhab are the only ones with more than one 10-for. Bedi and Kapil represent India, with Holder and newcomer Rashid Khan among current players.
Now for Bowling Averages (minimum 2000 balls bowled, all instances):
Fazal Mahmood, who captained in relatively few Tests has the best average followed by Imran.
The best by India is by Bedi and Kapil, with Holder and Shakib again leading among current players.
At the bottom we have some like Hooper and Richards who did not bowl in many of their Tests.
For Economy Rates, the best are 1.68 by TL Goddard and 1.86 by HB Cave.
For Strike Rates, the best are 40.3 by Waqar Younis and 45.6 by Bob Willis
We now look at the converse: a fifty-plus and ten wickets in an innings in the same match.
This is a little rarer than the earlier case. It has occurred 30 times, compared to 33 times for the earlier case.
Multibaggers are rarer here. We have 3 instances by Sir Richard Hadlee and 2 by Shakib Al Hasan. That’s all. Botham is here, but only for one instance. Ashwin, Sobers and Mushtaq are not here. But there are others such as Bevan and Border who would not usually be considered to be all-rounders.
The most recent instance was by Stuart Broad during one of the Covid Tests of 2020.
Earlier we saw that Bruce Taylor was the only one to score a century and take 5wi on debut. That was against India in 1965.
There is only instance of someone scoring a 50+ and taking 10 wickets on debut. This was John Lever for England v India in 1976. What is even stranger is that India’s S Venkataraghavan appeared in both of these Tests.
Among current and recent players there are MM Ali, SCJ Broad, RA Jadeja, Dilruwan Perera, Rashid Khan, Shakib Al Hasan and DW Steyn. The only other player from India is Kapil Dev (who never made a century and 5wi together).
Also note AK Davidson, who scored 44 and 80 and took 11 wickets in the tied Test in 1960. He was the first to score over 100 runs and 10 wickets in a match. He had this record to himself until Botham scored a century and took 13 wickets against India in early 1980. Imran Khan and Shakib later followed with a century and 10 wickets in 1983 (against India, who else?) and 2014 (against Zimbabwe).
Before we get into bowling records in England-Pakistan Tests, we note the achievement of JM Anderson who became the first pace bowler to reach 600 wickets. Comparing with others who have crossed 500 wickets:
Here we have disregarded the ICC XI vs Aus Test, so the figures for Murali and Warne are less than what you will see in some sources.
Note that Broad with 514 has some chance of crossing 600.
Continuing with the main Bowling records:
Most wickets (25 or more):
Anderson and Broad follow Abdul Qadir, and may cross his record. Yasir Shah and Mohammad Amir are a little below.
Qadir has the most 5wi (8) as well as the most 10wm (4). No one else has more than one 10wm. Imran and Underwood have 4 5wis.
Best innings bowling (includes all cases of 7wi):
Qadir is the only one with 9wi. Botham’s 8-34 came along with a century.
Anderson also appears here.
Best match bowling (includes all cases of 10wm):
This time Underwood has the best figures followed by Qadir. Anderson, Woakes and Yasir Shah are also here.
Best bowling average (minimum 2000 balls, all cases):
Anderson leads this table with Broad somewhat below.
Mohammad Amir and Yasir Shah are also here.
The best economy rates are by Iqbal Qasim and DA Allen.
The best strike rates are by Waqar Younis and Anderson.
Now for fielding records:
Most dismissals (20 or more):
Led by Wasim Bari and followed by Kamran Akmal.
Wasim Bari and Sarfaraz Ahmed have the most stumpings (4).
Root has the most catches by a non-keeper (22) although 3 others have 20.
Most dismissals in an innings (5 or more):
A few non-keepers have 4 catches in an innings.
Most dismissals in an match (7 or more):
Bari and Akmal again lead this. The best by non-keepers are 6 by Greig and Hick.
Most of those who follow Test cricket know about the double of a century and 5wi in a match. This has been done 32 times, with the last occasion being the present WI player Roston Chase in 2016.
The lesser-known double is that of 50 and 10wm, which is slightly rarer and has been done on 30 occasions. Stuart Broad joined this list in the 3rd Test against West Indies in 2020.
This seems to be a little harder to achieve compared to the other double. Sir Richard Hadlee is the only one to do it 3 times and Shakib Al Hasan the only one to do it twice. Kapil, Botham and Imran duly appear here. “Sir” Jadeja is the only other player from India here.
In a mirror of Bruce Taylor’s 100 + 5wi against India on his debut in 1965, only one player John Lever has managed 50 + 10 wm also against India in 1976. Oddly enough S Venkataraghavan was in India’s team on both occasions.
There are some odd cases here involving players who were not generally considered all-rounders, such as Qadir, Border, Bevan and Steyn. And others who had short careers such as Lever, Nash and Craig. But most of the big names of the past few decades are there.
The elite group with a century and 10-for includes Botham, Imran, Shakib and honorary member Davidson with 100 runs and 10-for.
Broad achieved this in the nick of time, taking the last wicket of the match to complete his tenner.
The top three wicket-takers are spinners, which is uncommon in modern times. Only Herath has two 10-fors. He also has the most (8) 5-fors.
Best innings bowling (6wi or more):
Muralitharan does not seem to have done that well against Pakistan, although Herath has. The two Ws are hardly seen here, though spinner Yasir Shah is more prominent here.
Best match bowling (including all 9wm and above):
Again dominated by spin.
Best bowling average (min 2000 balls, all instances):
The two Ws have the best bowling averages. Akram and Abdur Rehman have the best economy and Younis and Yasir Shah the best strike rate. Imran Khan did not play enough.
Now to Fielding:
Most dismissals (15 and above):
Moin Khan leads here. However, Sarfaraz Ahmed has the most stumpings. M Jayawardene has the most catches by a non-keeper.
Most innings dismissals (5 and more):
Chandimal leads here. No non-keeper has 4 catches.
Most match dismissals (6 or more):
The lesser known Jayawardene leads here, while the better known namesake is the only non-keeper with 6 catches.
Dismissal rate (min 20 innings, 0.50):
Moin Khan has a much higher dismissal rate than the next-in-line Chandimal. Note that several players from Chandimal downwards have played both as keepers and non-keepers. Moin Khan appears to be the only one who has played exclusively as a keeper.
All-round performance (see criteria below):
This is on expected lines, as Imran Khan did not play enough against SL. So Akram emerges as the best all-rounder.
Warne and McGrath lead here by a large margin. Warne (6) and Lillee (5) have the most 5ers, while Warne is the only one with two 10ers. Starc (34) and Lyon (33) have the most wickets among current players.
Best innings bowling (including all instances of 7wi):
Nothing from recent years.
Best match bowling (including all instances of 10wm):
Only one recent instances, Mohammad Abbas’s 10-95 in Abu Dhabi in 2018. Fazal Mahmood’s record goes back to the earliest days of Tests between these teams.
Bowling averages (Min 2000 balls bowled, all instances):
Includes only Lyon and Yasir Shah from current players, and they are at the bottom of this list.
Warne and McGrath have the best average, Tauseef and Qasim the best economy, and Warne and MGrath again the best strike rate.
Most dismissals (15 and above):
Old-timers RW Marsh and Wasim Bari lead here. Paine, Sarfaraz and Steve Smith represent current players. Bari has the most stumpings and ME Waugh the most catches by non-keepers, closely followed by Border and Greg Chappell.
Most innings dismissals (5 and above):
Most match dismissals (7 and above):
Haddin leads here, with only Paine from recent times.
Best dismissal rate (Minimum 20 innings and 0.500):
RW Marsh and Wasim Bari lead here. No one from recent years. The best by non-keepers is by MA Taylor.
All-round performance (see criteria below):
Only Imran and Akram meet these criteria.
All-round match performance (50+ and 5+wi):
Only Akram and Hauritz, with no one from recent times.
Indian bowlers have often been frustrated by lower-order batsmen. This happened in the first Test of this series as well as the first innings of the second Test.
Here we list all scores in Tests of 70 and above from No 8-11 (sorry, 12) against India:
This includes several debut scores (including 137* by Neesham, 105 by BR Taylor, 103* by Samaraweera to begin with) as well as career-best scores of 173 by IDS Smith, 137* by Neesham, 107 by Christiani and numerous others such as MA Starc, MD Marshall, TT Bresnan and even Anderson and Muralitharan. The most recent entry is KA Maharaj with 72.
We also look at the averages (with a minimum of 10 innings) for those who batted at 8-12 against India:
Vettori, Broad and Starc have scored the most runs here. Starc, JO Holder and Broad have done well in recent years.
Finally, partnerships of 90+ from the 8th wicket onward against India:
Ironically the highest such partnership is for the last wicket, when Anderson scored his only Test fifty. From the current series we have Maharaj and Philander with 109 for the 9th, and Muthusamy and Piedt with 91 for the 8th.
Here we look at overall all-round performances (note the criteria):
Numbers 1, 2 and 5 are not surprising, while other obvious choices such as Botham and Hadlee did not do that well in the World Cup. CZ Harris represents the value of the bits-and-pieces all-rounder, while TM Odoyo contributed a lot to Kenya’s limited successes.
Finally we come to
Match performances (40 runs and 4 wickets):
Which would be the best performance here? Nominally it would be the century + 4wis of Kloppenburg and Dilshan, but they were against weak teams. The same might be said of Yuvraj’s 50 + 5wi (the only such instance in the World Cup).
If you consider performance against moderately strong teams, then we would consider those of Fletcher, Kapil and Russell.
We look at other performances by captains in tests lost by their team. We will see that India is well represented here.
Best innings bowling (including all instances of 5wi and above):
Kapil is the only captain who has taken more than 7 wickets here. BS Bedi, Imran Khan and Courtney Walsh have multiple appearances. Current players include Shakib Al Hasan (multiple appearances), Graeme Cremer and Jason Holder.
Best match bowling (8wm and above):
Kapil again heads this, from that same match in 1983. Bedi is the only other one with a 10-for. Current players include Jason Holder and Graeme Cremer.
Best innings fielding (5 dismissals):
Includes a few current players such as Mushfiqur, SPD Smith and Sarfraz. Sammy and Smith are the only non-keepers here.
Best match fielding (6 dismissals):
Current player Sarfraz Ahmed tops this list along with AC Gilchrist, while MS Dhoni and SPD Smith also appear. SP Fleming and SPD Smith (twice) are the only non-keepers. Gilchrist was a “regular” stand-in captain.
Best all-round performance (50 and 5wi):
Holder and Shakib from the present, while Imran Khan has two appearances from the same series in 1982. The best performances would by by Imran (July 1982) and Holder.