There are many stations named “Cantonment” and “Fort” and even Barrackpore. Here we look at military personnel.
Start at the bottom with “Sepoydhura”, a halt station north of Kurseong on the Darjeeling line. It was closed long ago. Next in the hierarchy is
(Just west of Allahabad on the main line).
Moving up the hierarchy we come to
(North-east of Gorakhpur).
Still further up:
(Near Gonda, yet again in Uttar Pradesh).
Now we are stuck. There is a locality in Kanpur called Generalganj which is fairly close to CNB, but does not have a station. And Senapati district in Manipur, far from any railway.
The term “Chhatrapati” is “protector”, strictly speaking. But that title was given to Shivaji who was a successful military leader.
Maharashtra comes to the rescue with the renamed Bombay VT:
There are numerous smaller places named after war heroes, often from the distant past. And those named after British officials, some of whom were from the military.
One example is from the mid-19th century, commemorating Major Sleeman who led the operations against the Thugs of central India:
This is between Jabalpur and Katni in MP.
A relatively newer one is
which is between Jodhpur and Jaisalmer. It is named after Major Shaitan Singh, Param Vir Chakra awardee from the 1962 war. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaitan_Singh
There must be a few others from the post-independence era which I missed out.