A few examples of stations with the same names in India and distant countries:
Wellington in India, and the capital of New Zealand:
Salem in India and in Oregon, USA. Could not get a suitable picture for Salem in MA.
Riga in Bihar and the capital of Latvia:
Riga is covered in more detail here: https://abn397.wordpress.com/2015/05/05/railfanning-in-riga/
This is not exhaustive but just a few samples. For instance, there is Runneymede station in the Nilgiris which has counterparts in Britain and other Commonwealth countries*.
There are more examples from India and neigboring countries.