A study of converting Test fifties into hundreds-2

We now look at the other side of the coin-those who have failed to make enough hundreds to match their fifties. And of course we have to consider those who made enough fifties and runs but never a century.

First we look at those who scored at least one century and had the lowest conversion rate:

Headed by the all-rounders Goddard, Jadeja and Noble. Most in this list are not in the side primarily for their batting. But we do have specialist batsmen in Bavuma, Nourse, Wadekar, Contractor, Ramiz Raja and others.

Jadeja, Wadekar, Contractor and Prabhakar represent India.

Current players include Jadeja, Bavuma, Broad and Buttler.

Those who failed to make any century after numerous attempts are covered here:

A study of converting Test fifties into hundreds-1

The ability to convert fifties into hundreds is useful in Tests, even more than converting centuries into double centuries. The “conversion rate” has not received much attention in statistical studies in the past.

If your career includes a score between 50 and 99 but no century, your conversion rate is 0%

If you have no score between 50 and 99 but one or more centuries, your conversion rate is 100%

Most Test batsmen will fall between these extremes (unless they never crossed 50).

Take Virat Kohli. He has 27 Test innings between 50 and 99. Oddly enough he also has 27 centuries.

So he has crossed 50 a total of 27+27 = 54 times, and has gone past 100 on 27 occasions. This is a conversion rate of (27/54)*100 = 50%.

One more example: Sachin Tendulkar has 68 innings between 50 and 99, besides 51 centuries.

So he crossed 50 a total of 68 + 51 = 119 times. His conversion rate is (51/119)*100 is 42.86%

Similarly, we can find Don Bradman’s conversion rate to be (29/(29+13)*100 = 69.05%

Let us now look at studies of all Test players up to Sep 30, 2021.

There are 56 players who have a 100% conversion rate, who have no score between 50-99 plus one or more centuries. The first few are:

RS Bopara is the only one with 3 centuries without any score between 50 and 99.

The next 5 have made 2 centuries, including Wasti who made both his centuries in the same Test.

And then there are 50 others who crossed 50 only once but went on to make a century, ranging from A Lyth to Yasir Shah. KK Nair has a triple century, while D Lloyd and B Kuruppu have doubles. There are a surprisingly high number of players who scored a century on debut and failed to cross 50 afterwards.

For a short time, Fawad Alam had made 4 centuries without a fifty. The record is by GA Headley of long ago, who made 6 centuries before making a fifty.

After crossing the 56 who have a 100% conversion rate with the help of one century, we get:

(This has a cutoff of 55%)

Fawad Alam leads with 5/6 or 83.33%, followed by JF Reid (of the 1980s) and Azhar Mahmood with 75%.

Current players here are Fawad Alam, Najmul Hussain Shanto, Abid Ali and SC Williams (Zimbabwe).

From India there is only S Dhawan and VG Kambli.

If you take those who have scored 10 or more centuries, only Bradman (69.05%) and Headley (66.67) have crossed 55%. The next few are Walcott (51.72), Azharuddin (51.16) and MJ Clarke (50.91)

Here is a complete list of those who scored 10 or more centuries at a conversion rate of 45% or more:

The only current players in this elite group are Kohli and SPD Smith (and M Hafeez from the recent past).

India is represented by Azharuddin, Kohli, Shastri (!) and Umrigar.

(Note that Hayden’s century and other scores in the ICC XI v Aus Test in 2005 have not been counted).

Let us look more closely at current players with 10+ centuries and conversion rates 35+

V Kohli 50.00

SPD Smith 46.55

DA Warner 44.44

Mominul Haque 44.00

D Elgar 43.33

KS Williamson 42.11

CA Pujara 36.73

LD Chandimal 35.48

TWM Latham 35.48

Azhar Ali 35.29

R Taylor 35.19

Note the absence of JE Root (31.51), BA Stokes (29.41), AM Rahane (33.33) and F du Plessis (32.26)

Certainly this last list has some surprises which contradict common perceptions about the heavy scorers of today.

In Part 2, we will look at the other end of the scale-those with the lowest conversion rates.

The highest lone five-for

After looking at those who scored the highest lone century, we look at those who took only one five-for and see who did the best.

This includes all 7wi and better.

The highest here is by Lance Klusener, who was making his debut. He never scored a five-for in Tests again, but did do so in ODIs. Second is SJ Snooke who had a shorter career. But he did take a ten-for, unlike Klusener. Then there is JJ Krejza who took 12 wickets on debut (which his team lost) and played only one more Test

There are many who do better on debut than in their later matches. Here we have Klusener, Krejza, Kendall (in the very first Test), Zahid, de Lange, Ashley (only one innings in his career).

Among current players there is only KC Brathwaite who bowled occasionally until his “breakthrough”.

From India, there are Agarkar (6/41), Ramchand (6/49) ,Abid Ali (6/55 on debut) and Shinde (6/91).

Now we consider the best innings figures by those who took only one four-for.

The first few names also appear in the first list: Emmett, de Lange, Hornibrook, Ashley and Brathwaite.

Debutants include Ashley (only test and innings), Kirtley and Coldwell.

Current players include Brathwaite and ML Cummings (not Pat !).

From India there are Agarkar, Ramchand and Shinde.

Agarkar’s only score above 50 was a century, along with his only 4+wi was a 6-for.

The highest lone century

There are players who score several Test centuries. And some score only one. Here we look at the highest innings by players who scored exactly one century:

Led by KK Nair’s 303*, and followed by RE Foster’s 287 on debut and Z Crawley’s recent 267.

Apart from Foster, Mayers, Kuruppu and Conway have the highest lone centuries on debut.

From India, KK Nair is accompanied by ML Apte and NR Mongia.

What about those who made only one score above fifty?

This list is still headed by KK Nair, with the next being D Lloyd and B Kuruppu.. They all made full use of their opportunities once they crossed fifty.

Nair’s second highest score is only 26. For Lloyd it is 49 and for Kuruppu 46. Lloyd started off with 46 and 214* against India’s weak 1974 team, and thus temporarily had a Test average of 260.00 which dipped sharply during the Ashes tour later that year.

There are a few debutants here: Kuruppu, Bannerman, SC Griffith and Hartigan among others.

In recent years there have been Nair, Patterson and Yasir Shah.

From India, Nair is accompanied by A Ratra, RH Shodhan, Agarkar and Pataudi (Sr)

As we will see, Agarkar made only one score above fifty (and made it a century) and only one four-for (which was a 6-for).

Note that the above list includes relatively few lower-order batters. Most are recognized batsmen who got few opportunities. (Ganteaume’s single Test and a few others who played less than 5 Tests.)

Afterthought: KK Nair may well have the record for the highest ratio of highest and second-highest scores: 303/26 = 11.65

Apart from Nair, Sobers (365*) and RB Simpson (311) made their first century a triple. Unlike him, they scored many more centuries after that.

Kings of the fourth-innings chase (Revised-Sep 2021)-Pt 3

This continues from https://abn397.wordpress.com/2021/09/25/kings-of-the-fourth-innings-chase-revised-sep-2021-pt-2/

Here we look at the best fielding performances in the fourth innings for the winning team.

Most dismissals: (15 and above):

Headed by Gilchrist, Haddin and Healy, who kept for Australia for most Tests between 1989 and 2015.

Current players include de Kock, the just-retired Watling, Bairstow, Paine and Pant.

India’s players are headed by Pant, followed by non-keeper Kohli, Dhoni and another non-keeper Dravid.

Most dismissals in an innings (5 and above):

Watling is the only one with 6 dismissals, followed by many with 5. Apart from GC Smith, no non-keeper has taken more than 4 catches. Healy appears here twice.

Of special note is KS More’s 5 stumpings. This is the world record for stumpings in an innings. 4 of these were off debutant Hirwani.

Most dismissals per innings (Minimum 15 innings):

Headed by de Kock, closely followed by Haddin.

The best by current players are by de Kock, Bairstow, Buttler and Stokes.

For India, the best are by Dravid and Kohli-both non-keepers. Indian keepers (apart from More) do not seem to have done well in winning matches in the fourth innings.

Kings of the fourth-innings chase (Revised-Sep 2021)-Pt 2

Continued from: https://abn397.wordpress.com/2021/09/24/kings-of-the-fourth-innings-chase-revised-sep-2021-pt-1/

We now look at the bowlers who have been most successful in winning matches in the fourth innings.

Most wickets (35 and above):

Warne leads with 103, followed by late developer Herath and McGrath.

Herath has the most five-fors (11) followed by Muralitharan (7)

Current players are headed by Lyon (68 wickets), Broad and Ashwin.

The most wickets by Indian players are by Ashwin (65), Kumble (51) and Ishant Sharma (45).

Best innings bowling (including all 8wi and above):

The best here is 10-74 by Kumble. (Laker’s 10-wicket haul was in the third innings). Then there is 9-86 by Sarfraz Nawaz which included a spell of 7-1.

The best innings figures in recent times include 8-60 by RL Chase in 2019 and 8-63 by R Herath in 2016.

India is represented by Kumble and debutant Hirwani. (Another famous debutant Bob Massie had bowled in the third innings).

Finally we look at career figures for bowling in the fourth innings of wins:

Best bowling averages in wins in the 4th innings (Minimum 1500 balls bowled):

These are all the 25 bowlers who crossed the cutoff of 1500 balls bowled.

McGrath leads here with 14.24, followed by Herath, Ashwin and Kumble.

The best by current players are Ashwin (16.03), MM Ali, Starc , Ishant Sharma, Broad, Anderson and a few more with 1500+ balls bowled.

The best averages for India are by Ashwin, Kumble, Ishant Sharma, Jadeja and Harbhajan.

The best economy rates are by Illingworth (1.70) and Jadeja

The best strike rates are by Waqar Younis and MM Ali (32.9 with Waqar slightly ahead).

Batting averages in the third and fourth innings of Tests-September 2021

Hope you have seen these:

abn397.wordpress.com/2021/09/20/batting-averages-in-the-first-and-second-innings-of-tests-september-2021/

We now proceed to the third innings:

The cutoff here is 50.00

The first surprise here is that Bradman does not appear. Perhaps he did not bat enough in the third innings.

The leading batsman PBH May is a bit of a surprise. He is followed by JH Kallis and DCS Compton.

No current player appears in the top 10. The only players from recent times are K Sangakkara who retired in 2015 and HM Amla (2017). Batting in the third innings must have become more difficult in recent times.

From India there are M Amarnath and VVS Laxman.

Now for the fourth innings:

The cutoff here is 40.00.

Headed by Boycott, Gavaskar and Hobbs.

Current players here are KS Williamson (at 7), Kohli (at 8) besides recent player Younis Khan (at 9).

Other current players include AD Mathews (has he retired from Tests?), DA Warner, DM Bravo, Shakib Al Hasan, Asad Shafiq and R Taylor.

From India there are Gavaskar and Kohli in the top 10, followed by Dravid and Laxman.

It would seem that recent players have coped better with the fourth innings than with the third innings.

Another interesting topic to study would be the batters and bowlers who have done best in the fourth innings.

Batting averages in the first and second innings of Tests-September 2021

Hope you have seen this one:

In the first innings alone, we have:

The cutoff here is 55.

Bradman is still at #1, with over 100. Next are current player SPD Smith and another Australian in AL Hassett.

Ross Taylor, David Warner and F du Plessis are other current players here, though not in the top 10.

Among Indian players, Tendulkar is 9th here. Others are Sehwag, Dravid and Sidhu.

The Test record of 400* by Lara was in the first innings, besides the earlier records of 364 by Hutton and 334 by Bradman.

In the second innings, we have:

The cutoff here is still 55.

Bradman yet again leads, followed by current player KS Williamson and Mohammad Yousuf.

Other current players in the top ten are JE Root (4) and V Kohli (5).

Going further down, the other current players here are SPD Smith (besides AB de Villiers and AN Cook if you stretch a little).

From India, there is Kohli followed by Sehwag, Dravid, Gavaskar and Tendulkar.

The highest score here is 374 by M Jayawardene, while the old Test records of 365* by Sobers and 336* by Hammond are also here.

Current players seem to have done a little better here than in the first innings.

Will take up the third and fourth innings next. The results are somewhat different.

Batting averages across innings-September 2021

No Test matches for a while, so we can do some overall reviews.

Batting averages (Minimum 20 innings, 50.00):

Mr 99.94 is well known, but No 2 has already been forgotten. No 3 is fast closing in on No 2’s 61.87. The only other current player in the top 10 is No 6 with 60.80.

The highest for India is by VG Kambli (!) at 54.20. Something similar to the case of AC Voges.

From India, there are also Tendulkar, Dravid, Gavaskar and Kohli.

Among current players, there are SPD Smith, M Labuschagne, KS Williamson, V Kohli and JE Root (who just manages 50+).

In following posts we will look at batting averages across innings.

1000 runs in Tests without a fifty

For a long time, Waqar Younis was the only who had crossed this barrier. Later. “GOAT” Lyon caught up, and now Kemar Roach:

There are as many as 54 Test players who have made 1000 runs without scoring a century. Some have managed a century practically at the end of their Test career (e.g. Kumble, Vaas).

Today there are three players with 2000 runs and no centuries:

Warne’s 3000+ looks safe here, unless Dickwella plays long enough without a century. He does hold the record of 18 fifties without a century, ahead of Chauhan with 16.

Summary of all England-India Tests-Sep 2021 (Pt 2)

Hope you have read Part 1.

Continuing with individual performances in Bowling:

Most wickets (40+):

Anderson has by far the most wickets. However, the most five-fors are by Chandrasekhar (8) followed by Ashwin and Botham with 6. Bedser is the only one with two ten-fors (which came in his first two Tests).

After Anderson and Ashwin, other current players include Broad, Ishant, Moeen and Jadeja.

Best innings bowling (including all case of 7wi or better):

The first few entries are from long ago, though Jadeja, Ishant and Broad are here. Ishant has the best figures for India in England (that too at Lord’s)

Best match bowling (including all cases of 10wm or better):

Interestingly, none of the two leading current Indian players (Ashwin and AR Patel) played in this series. Only Jadeja and Anderson represent the current players.

Best bowling averages (Minimum 2000 balls, maximum 35.00):

The best bowling averages are by Illingworth and Lever who played in relatively less matches. Anderson, Broad and Ashwin have the best averages among current players.

The best economy rates are by Illingworth and Nadkarni (who else?)

The best strike rates are by Lever and Willis.

Now for Fielding:

Most dismissals (30 or more):

Dhoni and Knott lead, although Kirmani has the most stumpings. Cook, Gavaskar and Dravid have the most catches by non-keepers.

Innings dismissals (5 or more):

Taylor and JT Murray lead, with current players Bairstow, Pant and Buttler bringing up the rear.

Yajurvindra has the most catches as a non-keeper, which came on his debut. He is still the only non-keeper to achieve this on debut.

Match dismissals (7 or more):

Led by RW Taylor, whose 10 was a Test record at that time.

There are Buttler (8). Bairstow, Pant and Rahul from among current players. Yajurvindra and Rahul have the best among non-keepers. Yajurvindra and Pant were making their debuts. Yajurvindra’s 7 catches are still the record by a fielder on debut.

Best dismissal rate (Minimum 20 innings, 0.75):

Pant tops this list, with Buttler, Bairstow and Rahul among current players here.

Solkar and Rahul have the best dismissal rates among non-keepers.

Finally, all-round performances:

Overall (see criteria from table):

Ashwin has by far the best record here, with MM Ali and Jadeja the next among current players.

Unexpected names here include Borde and Shami.

Match performances (50 and 5wi):

Many outstanding feats here, notably Botham’s century and 13 wickets in 1980. There are also century/5wis by Mankad and Ashwin, and fifty/10wms by Lever and Jadeja. JK Lever remains the only one to achieve this on debut.

Botham, B Kumar and Ashwin appear here twice.

However, there was no such instance from this series.

Summary of all England-India Tests-Sep 2021 (Pt 1)

At the time of writing, we can say that England and India played a 4-Test series which India won 2-1. The fate of the 5th Test will be decided later. Perhaps an one-off Test at Manchester sometime in 2022.

Anyway, we look at the summary of all England-India Tests until now.

130 Tests have been played between these teams.England lead 49-31 with 50 draws.

In 66 Tests in England, England lead 35-9 with 22 draws.

In 64 Tests in India, India lead 22-14 with 28 draws.

India’s series victories in England were:

1971: 1 W, 2 D

1986: 2 W, 1 D

2007: 1 W, 2 D

2021: 2 W, 1 L, 1 D

One may argue that the 1986 team did the best.

So far, India has never won a Test at Manchester, Birmingham and Southampton.

Individual records:

Batting: Most runs (1000+):

Root is close to catching up with the top 3. Kohli and Pujara are the other current players here.

Root has the most centuries (8) while Tendulkar, Cook and Dravid have 7 apiece.

For 50+ scores, Tendulkar and Gavaskar have 20 apiece and Root has 18.

Highest innings (175+):

This series was relatively low-scoring with Root’s 180* being the highest, though he had made 218 earlier in 2021. Kohli and Pujara have earlier made double centuries.

Highest averages (Minimum 20 innings, 35.00):

Barrington is followed by Dravid and Root. Kohli, Pujara and Rahul are further down. Gavaskar’s average is surprisingly low.

Best Strike rates (Minimum 1000 balls, 45.00)

Kapil and Sehwag have the highest strike rates, as one would expect. Buttler and Ashwin (!) have the highest among current players. Next are Root, Jadeja and Rahul

To be continued