The records of today’s T20I match

Some records were almost broken (like Richard Levi’s 45-ball century). As you can see below, the challengers E Lewis and KL Rahul just fell short.

T20I fastest 100

But here are some records which did get broken.

India’s 244/4 is their highest in T20Is, surpassing their 218/4 v England in the 2007 World Championship. It is also the highest in any T20I’s second innings, surpassing 236/6 by WI v SA in 2015. And it is the highest losing total in any T20I, surpassing SA’s 231/7 in the match against WI in 2015 mentioned earlier. And WI and India made the 3rd and 4th highest T20I totals in today’s match. All these details can be seen below:

Highest T20I totals

Coming to individual scores: After todays’s match, 22 centuries in T20Is have been made by 20 players (Gayle and McCullum making two centuries apiece).

Hundreds in T20Is

Of these 20, as many as 12 have made centuries in all three formats.

They are: Watson, McCullum, du Plessis, Gayle, Ahmed Shehzad, Rahul, RG Sharma, Dilshan, Tamim, Guptill, Raina and Jayawardene. And Rahul’s individual score is the highest in T20Is in the US, for what it is worth.

Interestingly, some of those listed above have never played in Tests or even ODIs. Incidentally E Lewis has played one T20I before this and no ODI or Test.

Who was Norman Pritchard?

In what used to be a regular ritual, every 4 years the Indian contingent used to return with zero medals (as in 1984,88 and 92) or with one medal (bronze in 1996 and 2000, silver in 2004). Things began looking up in 2008 (one gold, two bronze) and in 2012 (two silver, four bronze) but normal service was resumed in 2016 with one silver and one bronze.

Anyone who has looked into the history of India at the Olympics would know that the first formal Indian participation was at Paris in 1924 (the year of “Chariots of Fire”). They didn’t win anything there, but the hockey team won gold at Amsterdam in 1928 and did not look back for a long time.

(Footnote: Though India was not an independent country then, it did participate separately from Britain in several sports (such as cricket from 1932). A newsreel of the 1936 Olympics shows Dhyan Chand and others marching behind what appears to be the Union Jack.)

But the IOC records show that Norman Pritchard, who won two silver medals at Paris in 1900, did indeed represent India (when he was selected in Britain but participated as an Indian). He was the only participant listed as an Indian. Not much was known about him until recently. However, this article should serve the purpose. It even covers his later life as a second-rung Hollywood actor:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Pritchard

One might argue as to whether he should be considered as an Indian sportsman. But the IOC records do say that, so we may consider that to be the last word on the matter.

Review of West Indies-India Test series, 2016

As we all know, India won “only” 2-0 with 2 drawn which meant it is not the No 1 Test team any longer. Fear not, India has many home Tests coming up while Pakistan has to visit New Zealand and Australia in the coming months.

A total of 94 Tests have been played between the two countries. WI leads 30-18 with 46 draws. In WI there have been 49 Tests, where WI lead 16-7 with 26 draws. Even in the 45 Tests in India, WI lead 14-11 with 20 draws.

However, the last time WI defeated India in a Test was over a decade ago, in May 2002 at Kingston. That 2001-02 series was the last time WI won a Test series against India. India have since won in India in 2002-03, in WI in 2006, in India in 2011-12, in India in 2013-14, and now in WI in 2016.

And the last time WI won a Test in India was at Mohali in Dec 1994. They last won a Test series in India in 1983-84. The series in India in 1987-88 and 1994-95 were drawn.

Now for the specifics in 2016:

Batting:

Most runs (850 and above):

Batting (overall)

No current players in this list.The most centuries are 13 by Gavaskar, followed by 8 for Richards and Sobers. The most scores of 50+ are 20 by Gavaskar, followed by 19 (Lloyd), 18 (Dravid) and 17 (Chanderpaul).

Highest innings scores (175 and above):

Batting innings

Not much high scoring in recent years in WI, though Kohli made 200 in this series.

Highest batting averages (minimum 20 innings and average 35.00):

Batting average

Sobers is far ahead of Gavaskar and three others who have averages above 60. ED Weekes scored over 1000 runs and had a batting average over 100 but played less than 20 innings. Similarly Walcott had an average of almost 70 but did not play enough innings. (See the first table above).

Now to bowling, which includes the best match bowling by a debutant in all Tests.

Most wickets (30 and above):

Bowling-overall

Kapil has a comfortable lead over the next-placed Marshall and Kumble.

Marshall has the most fivers (6) followed by Harbhajan with 5.

No one has more than one tenner.

Best innings bowling (7wi and above):

Bowling-innings

Kapil leads here, followed by the long-forgotten Jack Noreiga whose 9-wicket haul is still a record for WI in all Tests. Hirwani’s debut can be seen here. Ashwin’s 7-83 at North Sound is the new record for India in WI, surpassing SP Gupte’s 7-162 in 1952-53.

Best match bowling (9wm and above):

Bowling-match

Hirwani’s 16-136 is the best debut performance in all Tests, just ahead of RAL Massie’s 16-137 in 1972. Newcomer ML Cummins had the best match bowling in this series. Also note Shami’s debut in 2013-14. It may be surprising to see that Ishant Sharma has the best match bowling for India in WI.

Best bowling averages (Minimum 2000 balls bowled, all instances):

Bowling-average

Ashwin and Harbhajan have the best averages for India.

The best economy rates are 1.68 by GE Gomez (not Larry Gomes), 1.83 by Gibbs and 1.87 by Valentine. The best for India is 2.38 by Bedi.

The best strike rates are 42.6 by Hall, 43.8 by Ashwin and 45.2 by Roberts.

Now for fielding, which includes some world stumping records in the Hirwani and More show at Chennai in 1987.

Most dismissals (15 and above):

Fielding overall

Note Walcott’s dual role.

Most stumpings: 9 by More.

Most catches by a keeper: 58 by Dujon

Most catches by a non-keeper: 39 by Richards.

Best innings fielding: 6 by W Saha at North Point in 2016. Several others have 5 dismissals, including Sammy (non-keeper and share in world record) and More (5 stumpings, a world record).

Best match fielding: 8 by Dhoni, followed by More and Saha with 7. More’s 7 included 6 stumpings (another world record). The most by a non-keeper is 6 by Solkar, during India’s first win over WI in March 1971.

Best dismissal rate (Minimum 20 innings fielded, 0.400 and above):

Fielding average

While Dhoni and Dujon lead this table, the best averages by a non-keeper is by Azharuddin followed by Lara.

All-round overall performances (note the criteria):

AR-overall

Sobers is far ahead of the others.

All-round match performance (at least one 50+ and one 5wi):

AR-match

Several instances of a century and 5wi here including 2 by Ashwin. In this series Ashwin and newcomer Chase achieved this. Perhaps Ashwin’s feat in 2011 would be the best. Umrigar’s feat in 1962 is also notable as he did not bowl regularly.

 

Review of Sri Lanka-Australia Test series, 2016

Sri Lanka recorded its first 3-0 “whitewash” of Australia. They had already inflicted this on West Indies and Zimbabwe in 2001-02 and Bangladesh in 2007. Sri Lanka has never played a series of 4 or more Tests.

It was also pointed out that Australia were “whitewashed” in their previous tours in Asia since early 2013: 4-0 by India, 2-0 by Pakistan in UAE and now 3-0 by Sri Lanka.

For the 29 Tests between these countries, Australia lead Sri Lanka 17-4 with 8 draws. In Australia it is 11-0 with 2 draws. In Sri Lanka, Australia still lead 6-4 with 6 draws. Until this series Sri Lanka had only won one Test against Australia, which was in 1999-2000.

Sri Lanka has won Tests in all countries except Australia and India.

Coming to the specifics of SL-Aus Tests:Batting

Most runs (500 and more):

Batting-overall

Mathews is the only current player here.

Highest innings (135 and more):

Batting-innings

Kusal Mendis is the only current player here. He recorded the highest score for SL v Aus in SL, surpassing Gurusinha’s 137 in 1992. However the overall SL v Aus record is 192 by Sangakkara in 2007-08.

M Hussey is the only one with 5 centuries. No one else scored more than 3.

The most 50-plus scores are 8 by Clarke, Ponting and Sangakkara.

Now for batting averages (minimum 20 innings, all instances):

Batting-averages

Strike rates are also available for all of these cases. Jayasuriya has the highest with 65.70, far ahead of others who are in the low 50s.

Now for bowling:

Most wickets (12 and above):

Bowling-overall

Herath with his 26-wicket haul in this series crossed Warne and Muralitharan to top this list. Starc, Lyon and Dilruwan Perera are also here.

Best innings bowling (6wi and above):

Bowling-innings

Herath (3 times), Starc and Dilruwan Perera make this list. Herath’s 7-64 is the best for SL v Aus, surpassing his earlier record of 7-157 in 2011. Starc’s 6-50 is the best for Aus v SL in SL.

Best match bowling (8wm and above):

Bowling-match

Herath (13-145) and Starc (11-94) recorded the best for their teams. Again the records of Muralitharan and Warne have been toppled. Herath (again) and Dilruwan Perera appear lower down.

Bowling averages (minimum 2000 balls bowled, all instances):

Bowling-average

Herath has the best average.

Vaas has the best economy rate, just ahead of Herath and Warne.

Herath has the best strike rate.

Now for fielding:

Most dismissals (10 and more):

Fielding-overall

The first few names are not surprising. The most stumpings are 6 by Kaluwitharana, most catches by keepers are 32 by Gilchrist and Healy, and the most by non-keepers is 20 by M Jayawardene followed by 16 by Ponting.

Nevill and Smith are the only current players here.

The best fielding in an innings is 5 by Gilchrist and Healy.

The best match fielding is 8 by Gilchrist and Healy (who else?) followed by non-keeper Hayden with 7. That was a share in the world Test record for some years until Rahane surpassed it with 8 last year.

Best dismissal rate (minimum 20 innings fielded, all instances):

Fielding-rate

Sangakkara heads this list, while Gilchrist and Healy did not play enough in these Tests to be counted. M Jayawardene has the best rate for non-keepers, followed by Warne.

All-round performance (overall):

AR-overall

Vaas is the only one to have pretensions of being an all-rounder. See the modest criteria to be met here.

All-round performances (match): Fifty-plus innings and 5wi in the match:

AR-match

Only two instances here, including Dilruwan Perera whose contribution is more than that of Reiffel.

 

 

Review of England-Pakistan Test series, 2016

The series was drawn 2-2. The overall record in 81 Tests between these teams is 24 won by England, 20 by Pakistan and 37 drawn. Tests have also been played at neutral venues (all in the UAE). Results vary considerably among venues, as you can see here:

Overall table

Starting with batting, here are all those who scored 750 or more runs in Tests between these teams:

Batting-runs

Cook and Inzaman head this list, followed by other current players Younis Khan,Misbah, Root and Asad Shafiq.

Highest innings scores (175 and above):

Batting-indiv score

Root and Younis scored 200+ in this series.

We also see that the most centuries scored were 6 by M. Yousuf, followed by 5 each by Cook and Inzamam. The most scores of 50+ were 15 by Inzamam, followed by 14 (Mushtaq Mohammad), 13 (Salim Malik) and 12 (Cook).

The highest averages (30 and above, minimum 20 innings batted):

Batting avg

Among current players, Cook has the highest average (just above 50). Younis Khan is close behind with 46.

Now for bowling:

The most wickets (30 and above):

Bowling-wkts

Abdul Qadir is far ahead of everyone else, including the present leaders Anderson and Broad.

Qadir also has the most fivers (8) followed by Imran and Underwood with 4. Qadir also took 4 tenners, while no one else as achieved this more than once.

Now for innings bowling (7wi and above):

Bowling-innings

Nothing outstanding in recent years, other than Ajmal’s 7-55 in 2012.

Match bowling (9wm and above):

Bowling-match

Woakes and Yasir Shah took tenners in this series, while Ajmal had done so in 2012.

Bowling averages (minimum 2000 balls bowled):

Bowling avg

This includes all 16 bowlers with the qualifying number of balls bowled. It can be seen that Anderson has the best bowling average, Iqbal Qasim the best economy and Waqar Younis the best strike rate.

Now for fielding:

Most dismissals (15 and above):

Fielding-overall

It can also be seen that Bari and Kamran have the most stumpings (4), Bari the most catches by a keeper (50) and Miandad and Younis Khan the most catches by non-keepers (20).

Best innings fielding (5 or more dismissals):

Fielding-innings

Sarfraz Ahmed achieved this during this series.

Best match fielding (6 or more dismissals)

Fielding-match

Bairstow and Sarfraz Ahmed appear here from this series. Also note that Greig and Hick took 6 catches as non-keepers.

Dismissal rate (minimum 20 innings and 0.500 dismissals/inning):

Fielding-avg

Mohammad Hafeez has the highest rate among current players, followed by Younis Khan.

All-round performances:

Overall (see criteria in table):

AR-overall

Botham clearly leads Intikhab here. Imran Khan does not seem to have played enough against England.

Match all-round performances (at least one 50+ and one 5wi):

AR-match

Imran and Botham appear here, along with Qadir with an unusual fifty plus 10wm. Botham scored a century and took 8wi in 1978.

 

 

Rail Quiz no 3

Today we move to the railways of Pakistan.

Mardan-2

This station serves a small city in Khyber-Pakhtunwa (formerly NWFP). Today the city may be famous for a leading cricketer who was born there:

http://www.espncricinfo.com/england-v-pakistan-2016/content/current/player/43652.html

Also see this article: http://www.radiotnn.com/mardan-railway-stations-reopening-not-possible-in-near-future/

The station has not seen any train traffic since 2007. But once it held an unusual record for the railways of South Asia. What was this record?

If you can’t think of the answer right away, read the above article again and also check its location on Google Maps etc. (No, this has nothing to do with Abbottabad and its most famous resident).

Souroshankha Maji got it right-Mardan was, for many years, the northern-most junction in South Asia. This will be apparent from the map of the “Pakistan Western Railway” which probably dates from the mid-60s, when the railway network was virtually at full strength. The closure of lines started some years ago, starting with the minor branch lines in Sind and the NG lines close to the Afghan borders.

PWR in 1969

(From “Couplings to the Khyber”, PSA Berridge, 1969)

(Note: the metre gauge lines are not shown distinctly in this map, though the narrow gauge lines are. At that time the MG lines ran from Hyderabad (or maybe Mirpur Khas) to Khokhropar, the Jamrao-Pithoro loop and Mirpur Khas to Nawabshah.)

As you can see, Durgai was then the northernmost station in South Asia. It did exist prior to partition, so it was the northernmost station in British India as well. The Mardan-Charsadda branch was built in the 1950s, making Mardan the northern-most junction in South Asia.

Since around 2000 the Nowshera-Durgai and Mardan-Charsadda branches have been closed-even though Mardan is the second largest town in Khyber-Pakhtunwa, ahead of better-known places such as Abbottabad. A study of the current Pakistan timetable shows that the branch from Attock City Jn to Basal Jn is still open, thus making Attock City Jn (formerly Campbellpur Jn) the northern-most junction in South Asia. Next would be Taxila Cantt Jn (formerly Taxila Jn) which still has a branch to Havelian.

Nowshera (formerly a junction) would appear to be the northern-most station in Pakistan today, considering that the Peshawar-Landi Kotal line has been closed for several years.

In the mean time Sopore (followed by the larger Baramulla) have become the northern-most stations in South Asia. However, the Kashmir valley line is not yet linked to the rest of the Indian Railways network, whose northernmost point remains at Katra, with the slightly larger town of Udhampur a little further south.

Udhampur was the terminus for several years, but the  station has rather primitive facilities compared to Katra’s showpiece station.

From a trip in 2015: this picture was taken from the small dhaba at Udhampur station which fulfills the role of a refreshment room:

Udhampur

And this is the southern end of the Kashmir valley railway, close to the 11 km long Pir Panjal tunnel.

Banihal

 

 

Hanif Mohamad R.I.P.-some highlights

This time it is true-he did pass away on 11th August. We review some highlights of his career. There is of course Cricinfo for an overview.

Hanif made his debut in Pakistan’s very first Test in 1952, remembered more for Mankad’s 13-wicket haul. Here he made 51 and 1, and was also the designated wicket-keeper. That didn’t go too well, as he conceded 28 byes in India’s only innings besides taking one catch. He played his first 3  Tests (all against India in 1952-53) as a wicket-keeper but never kept in Tests later.

He is remembered for his 337 against the West Indies, which occurred in the very first test between Pakistan and the West Indies: http://www.espncricinfo.com/ci/engine/match/62835.html

Note that his 337 came in a follow-on, and the 4 successive century partnerships with Imtiaz, Alimuddin, Saeed Ahmed and brother Wazir. Ultimately Pakistan lost the series 3-1, running into Sobers and his 365 not out along the way. And the 970-minute innings is a record in all Tests, though not in first-class cricket now.

Hanif’s innings was a record for all first-class cricket for over 40 years, until it was broken in a Ranji Trophy match between two weak sides: http://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/records/283145.html

In Tests, only Gary Kirsten has come close.

Then there was the first-class record which stood for over three decades. It came about a year after the Test mentioned above.

http://www.cricketarchive.com/Archive/Records/Firstclass/Overall/Highest_Player_Scores.html

And this was the match scorecard:

http://www.espncricinfo.com/pakistan/engine/match/308265.html

While most of the Karachi team had played or would play for Pakistan, the Bahawalpur team did not have any Test players.

The Parsi Institute Ground has since sunk into obscurity, hosting its last first-class match in 1976-77.

Finally, here is a souvenir from the birthplace of the Mohammad brothers (taken in 2013):

Gujarat2013 009