Elections in 2017 Part 3- The Presidential and Vice-Presidential elections

The term of the incumbent President Pranab Mukherjee ends on 24/07/2017. The term of the incumbent Vice-President Hamid Ansari ends a little later, on 10/08/2017. In 2012, the elections were held less than a week before the terms ended.

The electoral college for electing the President includes all elected (not nominated) MLAs and MPs of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. It is somewhat more complicated than that of the US, as MLAs of different states have different weightages determined by a complicated formula. See this for an explanation:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electoral_College_(India)

For the Vice-Presidential election it is simpler, as the electorate consists of only the (elected) members of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. They have a single vote each, without the complication of weightages:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_vice-presidential_election,_2012#Electoral_College

As we have discussed earlier, assembly elections to two major states (UP and Punjab) and three smaller states (UK, Goa and Manipur) will be held in the first few months of 2017. There may be significant changes in the party composition of the assemblies of UP and Punjab. It will be interesting to see the composition of the electoral college in July, and whether the NDA government will be able to get its preferred candidate elected.

As for the Vice-Presidential election, we know that the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha will not change significantly so the composition of the electoral college is virtually the same now. In fact, only the one Rajya Sabha seat from Goa may change hands by the time of the Vice-Presidential election, while elections for the 9 other Rajya Sabha seats are likely to be held later in August.

No serious proposals for candidates for these positions have been mentioned in the media so far.

Elections in 2017 Part 2-The Rajya Sabha

Supporters of the present NDA government often say that they are hampered by not having a majority in the Rajya Sabha. At least 10 Rajya Sabha seats are due for election  according to the schedule given below. Some more may fall vacant (for instance, Mithun Chakravarthy, a TC member from Bengal, has announced his resignation a few days back).

As we will see in a moment, there will be no significant change in the composition of the Rajya Sabha in 2017, regardless of the assembly elections in Uttar Pradesh and elsewhere.

This table was compiled from the official website of the Rajya Sabha, from where we can deduce who will retire in 2017.

http://164.100.47.5/newmembers/MemlistElDate.aspx

We get this list:

rajya-sabha-2017

Only Goa’s Assembly will have changed while Gujarat and West Bengal would remain the same at the time of the Rajya Sabha elections in July-August.

In Goa, the one seat held by the INC may go to the BJP (or perhaps the AAP if something very peculiar happens).

In Bengal, the 6 seats are held by the Trinamul (4), INC (1) and CPM (1). Looking at the present constitution of the assembly these seats are likely to go to the same parties (though the CPM is the only one in some danger of losing its seat).

In Gujarat, the 3 seats going for election this year include 2 held by the BJP and 1 by the INC. The elections in August are likely to give the same result.

So one would have to look beyond 2017 to see any significant change in the composition of the Rajya Sabha.

Also, the elections for the President and Vice President are due in July and August respectively and will probably be held before the Rajya Sabha elections described above (though the results of the latter hardly matter).

It may be a source of worry to the NDA that they may not have sufficient strength in the electoral college to be sure of getting their preferred Presidential candidate elected. By then, the assembly elections for UP, Punjab and 3 smaller states will have taken place and present indications are that the NDA will not gain significantly.

This is also apparent for the Vice-Presidential election where the electoral college consists of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha members only.

So 2017 will be a year of numerous elections but, barring some completely unexpected events, they may not result in significant changes to the relative strengths of the main parties and alliances.

 

Looking ahead to India’s elections in 2017-Part 1

These are the Assembly elections due to take place in 2017:

state-assembly-2017

Knowing the end dates of the Assembly terms and the way that the Election Commission has handled things in the recent past, the approximate dates of polling can be predicted. It is too early to make serious predictions on the results.

I have included a column showing the number of Lok Sabha seats for each state. This is to keep things in perspective; even HP and UK do not account for even 1% of the Lok Sabha strength. Thus what happens in these states plus Goa and Manipur are not very significant on the national level. The real battleground is UP and Punjab now, and Gujarat later in the year.

So what difference do these results make to the larger picture? In terms of the Presidential election in July, not much. In terms of the composition of the Rajya Sabha, again not much because the seats up for election in 2017 are primarily from Bengal and Gujarat where there is not likely to be much change in the Rajya Sabha members elected. I will cover this in more detail later.

What is significant is the likelihood of a change in government in UP and Punjab, and probably Uttarakhand and Himachal as well. Even if there is a change in Goa and Manipur, it may not matter on the larger scale unless the AAP does unexpectedly well in Goa. What impact these changes will have on the functioning of the Central government are very speculative at the moment.

To be continued.

Review of Tests between India and England-2

Hope you have read the first part.

The fielding and all-round records include a number of world Test records.

We now move to Fielding, starting with the most dismissals (15 and above):

e-v-i-most-dismissals

The first few names are on expected lines. Kirmani has the most stumpings (11) followed by PK Sen with 7 (although he is not in the above table). Among non-keepers, the most catches are by Gavaskar (35) and Dravid (30).

Innings fielding (5 dismissals and above):

e-v-i-innings-fielding

RW Taylor still has a share in the world Test record of 7 dismissals in an innings.

Among non-keepers, Yajurvindra Singh has the most catches (5). He still has a share in this world Test record, and is the only one to take 5 catches in an innings on debut. PK Sen has 4 stumpings, which was a share in the world Test record until 1987-88.

Match fielding (6 dismissals and above):

e-v-i-match-fielding

RW Taylor’s 10 dismissals were then a world Test record. PK Sen again has the most stumpings (5) though he does not appear here. That was also a world Test record until KS More surpassed it in 1987-88.

Yajurvindra Singh with 7 catches as a non-keeper had a share in the world Test record until AM Rahane recently surpassed it. But he still holds the record for the most catches by a non-keeper on debut.

Highest dismissal rate (minimum 20 innings, 0.500 and above):

e-v-i-best-fielding-avg

The first few names are predictable, while Solkar and Dravid have the highest dismissal rates amongst non-keepers.

All-round performances (overall) with criteria given below:

e-v-i-ar-overall

Botham and Mankad lead with Ashwin swiftly moving up. Broad, Moeen Ali and Jadeja are also here.

All-round match performances (minimum fifty and 5wi):

e-v-i-ar-match

Several instances of 100/5wi as well as 50/10wm, including Botham being the first to score a century and take 10 wickets in a match. JK Lever is the only one to score a fifty and take 10wm on debut.

Also note that the latest entrant RA Jadeja is the only one in all Tests to score a fifty, take 10 wickets and take more than 2 catches. B Kumar made a 50/5wi in successive Tests.

Review of Tests between India and England-1

This 4-0 margin (with 1 draw) was the best by India against England, surpassing the 3-0 clean sweep in 1992-93. England had won 5-0 in 1959 and 4-0 in 2011, though the same teams also played an all-drawn 5-Test series in 1963-64.

At the end of this series, 117 Tests had been played between the two countries. England has won 43, India 25 and 49 were drawn. In India, England has won 13, India leads with 19 and 28 were drawn. In England, England has won 30, India 6 and 21 were drawn.

And India’s first-ever Test victory was against England at Madras in February 1952. On that occasion Mankad took 12 wickets, Hazare was India’s captain, and DB Carr was England’s stand-in captain playing the second and last Test of his career.

We now look at Batting: Most runs (1000 and above):

e-v-i-runs

We can see that the most centuries were scored by Dravid and Tendulkar (7), followed by Azharuddin, Cook and Pietersen with 6.

The most 50-plus scores were scored by Gavaskar and Tendulkar (20), followed by Viswanath (16), Dravid (15) and Cook (14).

Next, we look at Highest Individual Scores (180 and above):

e-v-i-innings

First Kohli (235) and then Nair (303*) made the highest scores for India vs England, surpassing Kambli’s 224 in 1992-93. Only Gooch’s 333 is larger. More about Nair’s achievements in my previous post.

KL Rahul’s 199 in this series was also noteworthy. There seem to be quite a number of 190s here.

Highest batting averages (Minimum 20 innings, 35.00 and above):

e-v-i-highest-avg

The first name on the list may appear surprising, though he was very consistent against India. It is surprising that Barrington’s average is much higher than that of second-placed Dravid. Note the relatively low positions of Gavaskar and Viswanath. Dravid and Azharuddin did considerably better compared to other Indian batsmen.

Now we move to Bowling.

Most wickets (30 and above):

e-v-i-wkts

It is not very likely that Anderson will cross the tallies of Chandrasekhar and Kumble. Broad and Ashwin are next among current players.

The most fivers were by Chandrasekhar (8) and Botham (6) followed by several others with 4. Only Bedser took two tenners; in fact he started his Test career with two 11-wicket hauls.

Best innings bowling (including all instances of 7 wickets in an innings):

e-v-i-innings-bowling

Only Jadeja from the current series. Note that the top two performances were over 60 years ago.

Best match bowling (including all instances of 10 wickets in a match):

e-v-i-match-bowling

Ashwin and Jadeja reached their marks in this series, Ashwin making the third best performance. Here we can see how Bedser did in his first two Tests. There are also the one-off performances by L Siva and JK Lever who did not fulfill their early promise.

Looking at the Bowling averages (minimum 2000 balls, 35.00 and below):

e-v-i-bowling-avg

There are somewhat unexpected names at the top 2 places.

Illingworth, Lever and Mankad have the best averages.

For economy rates, the best figures are by Illingworth (1.65), Nadkarni (1.67) and Mankad (1.82). Nadkarni’s famous 32-27-5-0 was against England in 1963-64.

For strike rates, the best figures are by Lever (47.0), Willis (47.4) and Broad (54.6).

Broad, Anderson and Jadeja are the current players in this list. Ashwin and Ishant Sharma have bowling averages higher than the 35.00 mark mentioned here.

To be continued

 

Jadeja and Nair’s record feats

It was clear that deciding the Man of the Match for this Test would be somewhat difficult. Finally the Crown Prince won at the expense of the Knight. We look at their records in this Test.

Highest innings by Asian batsmen against England (200 and more):

200-plus-by-asians-vs-eng

KK Nair’s 303* is the highest by any Asian batsman against England, surpassing the 274 by Zaheer Abbas in 1971. That remains the record for the highest by an Asian batsman in England. For India, the record is 221 by Gavaskar in 1979.

Nair’s 303* is also the highest for India vs England, surpassing the 235 by Virat Kohli earlier in this series and the 224 by VG Kambli in 1992-93.

Nair also became the third to make a triple century as his maiden century.

These are the highest maiden centuries (250 and above):

highest-maiden-hundred

A dynamic link for all such scores of 200 and above:

http://stats.espncricinfo.com/ci/content/records/230132.html

More detailed accounts of the innings of Sobers and Simpson can be seen here:

https://abn397.wordpress.com/2015/05/05/make-mine-a-double-no-a-triple/

https://abn397.wordpress.com/2015/05/10/make-mine-a-double-no-a-triple-part-2/

We now move on to Ravindra Jadeja’s all-round feat.

Here we have a complete list of those who scored a fifty and took 10 wickets in a Test:

50-plus-5wi

This has been achieved on 26 occasions by 24 players. Jadeja is the only one to take 3 or more catches as well. The only other Indian to have scored a fifty and taken 10 wickets in a match is Kapil Dev. Only Botham, Imran and Shakib have scored a century and taken 10 wickets in a match. Earlier Davidson scored over 100 runs and took 10 wickets, but did not score a century.

The other main all-round feat is a century and five wickets in an innings, which is slightly more common. It has been achieved on 32 occasions by 25 players, including Mankad, Umrigar and Ashwin (twice).

century-plus-5wi

On only three occasions have these players taken 3 catches as well: Mushtaq (1973), Botham (Feb 1978) and Kallis (2002).

Now for a few other contrived all-round records. Jadeja took 10 wickets in the match and 4 catches (of which one was a c & b). He is one of only 5 to achieve this:

10 wickets and 4 catches in a match:

10-wickets-plus-4-catches

And he is also part of a small group of 15 players who had an innings tally of 10 or more wickets and catches put together. 5 players have 11.

They are GA Lohmann, JM Noreiga, HJ Tayfield, AE Trott and LC Braund. 10 others including Jadeja have 10.

In Jadeja’s case, the one c & b meant he had a hand in 9 of the 10 wickets which fell. Only Dawson (b Mishra) evaded him.

Tail piece: While Karun Nair is nominally from Kerala, he was born in Jodhpur and has lived mainly in Bangalore.

The Devil’s scoreboard and other devilry

It had to happen one day in a Test: 666/6

devils-score

On the 4th day of the India vs England Test at Chennai, 19 Dec 2016.

Meanwhile, here is the Devil’s own locomotive (picture credit Sachin Balwatkar). It is now homed at Sabarmati shed, and was homed at Mhow some years ago. There were also some 666* s homed at Golden Rock.

loco-6666

More from the Devil’s domain here: Hell, Norway:

hell-signboard

And the railway station there:

hell-station

You may think that God has some influence here:

hell-goods-shed

However, this is Norwegian for “Goods dispatch”

In closing, there has to be at least one joke involving devils. Here is one from 2016, which refers to the US presidential election:

trump-devil